Social Sciences & Psychology

Social Sciences & Psychology

Animal health care and marketing input services in Turkana County: Policy implication.

Pages: 7  ,  Volume: 27  ,  Issue: 2 , April   2019
Received: 04 May 2019  ,  Published: 08 May 2019
Views: 74  ,  Download: 30

Authors

# Author Name
1 John .A. Kidali
2 Irene Ogali
3 James .C. Njanja
4 Samuel Omwenga

Abstract

This study was carried out in Turkana South Sub-County in Turkana County to obtain an insight into the constraints encountered by livestock keepers on animal health, livestock production, marketing and policy implication in the Arid and Semi-arid lands. Data were collected using a survey of 400 households, fifteen focus groups with livestock keepers, key informant interviews and a workshop.  Frequency counts and percentages were used to analyse data. The results showed the major constraints to livestock production were diseases 42.75%, drought 23.75%, rustling 16.75%, invasion of Prosopis 9.25%, and lack of organized livestock markets 7.5%. In goats, priority livestock diseases were: Contagious Caprine Pleuropneumonia 52.75% and helminths 20%, mange 15%, and haemorrhagic septicaemia 12.25% while in sheep, the constraints included: helminth 59.25%, mange 24% and haemorrhagic septicaemia 16.75%. Camels: haemorrhagic septicaemia 53.5%, mange infestation 25.75%, camel cough 11.75% and camel pox 9%. Cattle: Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia 50.75%, anthrax 19%, mastitis 16.5% and lumpy skin disease 13.75%. Donkeys: faecal impaction 53.75%, tetanus 26.75% and anthrax 19.5 %.   Constraints encountered while seeking animal health care were: Inadequate personnel 27.75%, poor infrastructure 24.25%, inaccessible livestock inputs 16.25%, illiteracy 14.75%, lack motivation for CAHWs 10% and insecurity 6.5%. While the key constraints hindering trade in livestock products were: poor infrastructure 42.75%, insecurity/banditry 21.75%, disease outbreak 15.25%, market brokers11% and lack of market information 9.25%. It is recommended that the key constraints limiting animal health care,  and trade in livestock products could best be addressed through County government policy framework that establishes strategic  partnerships

Keywords

  • Animal health
  • Marketing
  • References

    This study was carried out in Turkana South Sub-County in Turkana County to obtain an insight into the constraints encountered by livestock keepers on animal health, livestock production, marketing and policy implication in the Arid and Semi-arid lands. Data were collected using a survey of 400 households, fifteen focus groups with livestock keepers, key informant interviews and a workshop.  Frequency counts and percentages were used to analyse data. The results showed the major constraints to livestock production were diseases 42.75%, drought 23.75%, rustling 16.75%, invasion of Prosopis 9.25%, and lack of organized livestock markets 7.5%. In goats, priority livestock diseases were: Contagious Caprine Pleuropneumonia 52.75% and helminths 20%, mange 15%, and haemorrhagic septicaemia 12.25% while in sheep, the constraints included: helminth 59.25%, mange 24% and haemorrhagic septicaemia 16.75%. Camels: haemorrhagic septicaemia 53.5%, mange infestation 25.75%, camel cough 11.75% and camel pox 9%. Cattle: Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia 50.75%, anthrax 19%, mastitis 16.5% and lumpy skin disease 13.75%. Donkeys: faecal impaction 53.75%, tetanus 26.75% and anthrax 19.5 %.   Constraints encountered while seeking animal health care were: Inadequate personnel 27.75%, poor infrastructure 24.25%, inaccessible livestock inputs 16.25%, illiteracy 14.75%, lack motivation for CAHWs 10% and insecurity 6.5%. While the key constraints hindering trade in livestock products were: poor infrastructure 42.75%, insecurity/banditry 21.75%, disease outbreak 15.25%, market brokers11% and lack of market information 9.25%. It is recommended that the key constraints limiting animal health care,  and trade in livestock products could best be addressed through County government policy framework that establishes strategic  partnerships