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Empowering Families: Labor Migration to Enhanced Well-Being

Volume: 149  ,  Issue: 1 , May    Published Date: 28 May 2024
Publisher Name: IJRP
Views: 129  ,  Download: 71 , Pages: 861 - 877    
DOI: 10.47119/IJRP1001491520246534

Authors

# Author Name
1 Christofer D. Sta. Ana

Abstract

This paper investigates the experiences of migrant workers through the lens of their families, which they left in their country of origin. The survey investigates the profiles of respondents, including age, gender, and socioeconomic status, as well as the mechanisms of labor migration and various aspects of economic well-being. The study seeks to discern significant differences in the economic well-being of respondents based on their profiles and ascertain a meaningful correlation between the mechanics of labor migration and the economic well-being of SLSU students. The study employs a descriptive research design, utilizing Likert-scale questionnaires in surveys to collect quantitative data from a representative sample of 100 SLSU students whose parents work abroad. These students, currently enrolled at SLSU Lucena Campus, facilitate the statistical examination of variables such as labor migration mechanics and economic well-being. Through purposive sampling, 100 students were selected from an estimated population of approximately 563 residing in Lucena City and enrolled at the SLSU Lucena campus. The researcher employed statistical analyses, specifically one-way ANOVA and Pearson correlation coefficients, to evaluate the compiled data. One-way ANOVA was utilized to assess significant differences between respondent profiles and economic well-being, while the Pearson correlation coefficient was applied to evaluate the significant relationship between labor migration mechanics and economic well-being. The studys results reveal that age and gender lack statistically significant influence on respondents economic well-being, underscoring their limited impact in this context. On the contrary, socioeconomic status emerges as a crucial determinant, demonstrating its substantial role in shaping the economic well-being of the participants. Additionally, a positive correlation is identified between increased levels of labor migration mechanisms and enhanced economic well-being, indicating a noteworthy connection between these aspects. This suggests that as the various facets of labor migration, such as employment opportunities, income disparity, social networks, and personal development, intensify, there is a corresponding increase in diverse dimensions of economic well-being, including education, labor aspirations, healthcare, living standards, and financial stability. The study concludes that while migration can have positive implications for migrants and their families, the extent of its success is intricately tied to socioeconomic status, exerting a significant influence on overall economic well-being. Importantly, these socioeconomic factors reverberate throughout various aspects such as employment opportunities, income disparities, social networks, and personal development, shaping the broader landscape of the migration experience. This highlights the interconnectedness of socioeconomic status with key dimensions of labor migration, emphasizing the need for nuanced and targeted interventions to address disparities and enhance the overall well-being of migrants and their families. The research suggests that policymakers must consider socioeconomic status impact on individuals economic well-being, especially in labor migration. Strategies to enhance economic well-being should address socioeconomic disparities. Moreover, programs for labor migrants and families should recognize the link between higher migration rates and improved economic well-being. This insight can inform targeted initiatives to enhance economic well-being across different aspects.

Keywords

  • economic well-being;
  • socioeconomic status;
  • migration