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Phytochemicals and Nutrients Constituents of Varieties of Hungry Rice and their Significance in Nutrition

Volume: 41  ,  Issue: 1 , November    Published Date: 24 December 2019
Publisher Name: IJRP
Views: 894  ,  Download: 409

Authors

# Author Name
1 Annongu A A
2 Edoh J H
3 KAYODE Rowland Monday Ojo
4 GAWATI Adedayo Olugbenga
5 AREMU Jimoh Olaniyan
6 BELLO-BUKOYE Zainab Olajumoke
7 YUSUFF Afolabi Tarheed
8 EIFEDIYI Ehiokhilen Kevin

Abstract

Analyses on phytochemicals and nutrients composition of two varieties of hungry rice were conducted to supply data and information on the cereal’s significance in nutrition. Results on phytochemical screening and quantification indicated that the two varieties of cereal contained appreciable amounts (mg/100g sample) of saponins, tannins, phenolics, steroids, flavonoids, coumarins, glycosides, and alkaloids. Some of the secondary metabolites were higher in one variety than the other (p<0.05). Nutritional composition showed that both varieties have appreciable levels of dry matter (DM), carbohydrate (CHO), Energy, crude protein (CP), lipids, dietary fibre, and mineral matter. The amino acids, vitamins and mineral composition data presented the two varieties of hungry rice as containing appreciable quantities of nutrients differing in level from one variety to the other. The study established that hungry rice contained adequate nutrients to provide nutritious food/feed and beneficial phytochemicals as valuable nutraceutical.

Keywords

  • Digitaria exilis
  • Digitaria iburua
  • Food and Feed
  • Neutralceuticals
  • Nutrition
  • Phytochemical composition