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Potential insects as pollinators in Lumbok Seminung Biodiversity Park, West Lampung, Indonesia

Volume: 141  ,  Issue: 1 , January    Published Date: 19 January 2024
Publisher Name: IJRP
Views: 84  ,  Download: 43 , Pages: 82 - 87    
DOI: 10.47119/IJRP1001411120245991

Authors

# Author Name
1 Mohammad Kanedi
2 Lili Chrisnawati
3 Mahfut
4 Dzul Fithria Mumtazah
5 Yulia Rahma Syari

Abstract

Lumbok Seminung Biodiversity Park is a biodiversity conservation area in Lumbok Seminung District, West Lampung Regency, Lampung Province of Indonesia established in 2015 in an area previously designated as a tourism resort. The purpose of establishing a biodiversity park is to provide reserve area, both in-situ and/or ex-situ, for local biological resources especially plants whose structure and composition can support the existence and sustainability of animal diversity. One group of animals that has an important role in the sustainability of flora biodiversity is pollinators, especially insects. This research conducted to find out the current biodiversity status of pollinating insects in the Lumbok Seminung Biodiversity Park after being established for more than five years. The sampling approach used is to find as many insect species as possible that are actually present in the study area. Sampling was carried out on sunny days between 07.00-16.00 by catching insects that visited and perched on flowers during anthesis. Measurement of the ecological diversity of the pollinators was determined by calculating the richness, abundance, dominance and diversity indices. There are 3 orders of flower-visiting insects found in this study, namely Lepidoptera, Hymenoptera and Diptera. Lepidoptera is the most diverse group, while bees (Hymenoptera) Apis dorsata are the most abundant pollinating insect species. Overall the diversity of pollinating insects in the park is classified as moderate. In conclusion, the Lumbok Seminung Biodiversity Park is supported by sufficient diversity of pollinating insects to maintain and sustain biodiversity.