Biology and Life Sciences
Received: 05 Feb 2019 , Published: 07 February 2019
Views: 141 , Download: 73
A study was carried out to analyze the socio economic status of broiler farmers engaged in buy-back system, relative magnitudes of various costs and revenue associated with individual contract farmers and to investigate effectiveness of buy-back operation systems. A set of 100 broiler farmers engaged in a medium scale buy-back operation (integrated) system was selected randomly. Interviewing of the farmers using a pre-tested questionnaire and recording information by regular farm visits were employed for data collection. Information on socio economic aspects of the farmer, batch size, market weight and age of animals, management practices, costs of various inputs and revenue from selling birds, and effectiveness of buy-back system as perceived by the farmer were gathered from all farmers. Depreciation cost of buildings and equipment was found by considering the magnitude of initial investment and total duration of use of the item. Labour cost was assumed as Rs. 400.00 per 8-hour day. Analysis of variance procedure was used to determine the effect of various factors such as educational level, full or part time engagement on profit. Linear regression analysis was performed to determine the relationship between scale of operation and profit per kg of live weight. A quadratic regression model was used to determine optimum age for slaughter.
The broiler batches were sold at ages between 36 and 45 days. The average live weight at slaughter was 2.07 kg/bird. Major components of the total cost of production were feed cost (69.3%) and cost for day-old chicks (22.6%). Average cost when expressed per kg of live weight was Rs 191.58. As the contract buyer paid Rs. 200 per kg of live weight, the farmers made an average profit of Rs. 8.41/kg of live weight. When labour cost was excluded (assuming family labour only) average profit increased up to Rs. 11.90/kg of live weight. Profit/kg of live weight increased significantly (P<0.05) with the expansion of scale of operation. Optimum age at slaughter for the system was 42-43 days. Reduction of price of day-old chicks and feed and expansion of scale of operation could effectively improve the profit margin and sustainability of the industry.
Abeyrathne, A.S. (1997). Selected Information on Poultry Industry of Sri Lanka, Department of Animal Production and Health, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka.
Abeyrathne, A.S. (2007). A Review of the Livestock Industry of Sri Lanka. Department of Animal Production and Health, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka. Anon. (1996). An assesment of poultry industry in Sri Lanka. Seminar on Hatchery Management and Practices/Economic Factors of Livestock Production. June, 1996. Colombo: The Agro-Enterprise Development Project (AgEnt), Peradeniya, Sri Lanka. Bandara.R.M.A.S. and Dassanayake, D.M.W.K.(2006). A quantitative analysis on factors affecting profitability of small scale broiler farmers. The Journal of Agricultural Science, 2(3): 45-50.
Begum, I.A. (2005). Vertically integrated contract and independent poultry farming system in Bangladesh, International Journal of Poultry Science, 4(3): 167-176. CGE, (2010). Annual Report – 2010. Ceylon Grain Elevators Limited, Colombo, Sri Lanka.
Chang, H.S. (2007). Overview of the world broiler industry implication for the Philippines. Asian Journal of Agricultural and Development, 4(2): 67-82.
Cunningham, D.L. (1997). Contract broiler grower returns: a long term assessment. Applied Poultry Research, 6: 267-273.
DAPH, (2010). Annual Report – 2010. Department of Animal Production and Health, Peradeniya. Sri Lanka.
FAO, (2011). Small Scale Poultry Production, FAO Corporative Repository. http;//www.fao.org/documents/en/details[Accessed on 11 July 2011].
Fazil, A.W.M. (2009). Production and economic aspects of broilers in different climatic zones under buy-back system. Unpublished B.Sc. (Agric.) Project Report, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka.
Iddamalgoda, A.M.,Sugiyama.M.,Oguri.K., Arahata.K. and Premasiri.H.P. (1998). A study on development of Sri Lankan poultry. Importance of poultry sector. Res. Bull. Fac. Agricultural Science. Gifu University. 63: 87-96.
MLRCD, (2011). The Livestock Sector in Sri Lanka. Ministry of Livestock and Rural Community Development, Colombo 03. http://www.livestock.gov.lk [Accessed on 11 August, 2011]. Prabakaran., R. (2003). Good Practices in Planning and Management of Integrated Commercial Poultry Production in South Asia. FAO Animal Production and Health Paper 159. FAO, Rome, Italy. Prasad, K.A.D.D.D. (2009). Effect of slaughtering age, strain and sex of broiler birds on carcass quality characteristics. Unpublished B.Sc. (Agric. Tech. & Mgt.) Project Report, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya,, Sri Lanka. Rifky, A. (2016). A Study to Identify the Factors Affecting the profitability of Contract Broiler Chicken Producers in the Poultry Belt of Sri Lanka. IRA-International Journal of Applied Sciences (ISSN 2455-4499), 5(3), 155-160.
Ranga reddy,P., Shanmugam, T. R. and Mohan, B. (1997). Economic and financial analysis of broiler production in Kamarajar District of Tamil Nadu. Journal Animal Sciences, 12(1): 119-122.
Shanmugam, T. R. (1991). Production and marketing aspects of broilers in Salem District, Tamil Nadu. Agricultural Banker, 14(1): 43-44.Singh,V.P., V. K. Sharma, M.S. Sidhu and H.S. Kingra (2010). Broiler production in Punjab, An economic analysis. Agricultural Economics Research Review, 23: 315-324.
Taha, F. (2003). Poultry sector in middle income countries and its feed requirement: the case of Egypt. Outlook Report of Economic Research Services, USDA.WRS 03(2).