Biology and Life Sciences
Received: 03 Jun 2018 , Published: 03 June 2018
Views: 478 , Download: 204
|1||Rathnayaka R. M. N. N.|
|3||Iqbal Y. B.|
|4||Rifnas L. M.|
Nitrogen fertilizers play an important role in the cultivation of rice. Excessive and improper usage of Nitrogen fertilizer causes problems on human and environment. It is essential for a suitable alternative source of Nitrogen with reduced harm on environment. Nano nitrogen fertilizers are alternative to conventional fertilizers with slow and control release of nitrogen. An experiment was conducted at the Rice Research Station, Sammanthurai, Sri Lanka during the season of ‘Yala 2017’ April to July involving the use of NPK fertilizers and Nano-Nitrogen fertilizer to test the growth attributes and yield of rice cultivar ‘Bg 250’. The experiment was laid out in the Randomized Complete Block Design with five treatments and four replications and experiment was conducted in plastic pots (25cm height and 40cm diameter). The seeds were wrapped with net cotton cloth and three days after germination, it was transferred to seedling tray. At 12th day uniform and healthy seedlings were transplanted in the plastic pots. A number of 10 seedlings were raised in each plastic pot. There were altogether 20 plastic pots. Five treatments viz; T1 – Control (No fertilizer), T2 – 100% recommended fertilizer (Urea, TSP and MOP), T3 – 75% Urea + 25% Nano- Nitrogen (Usual TSP and MOP) fertilizer, T4 – 50% Urea + 50% of Nano- Nitrogen (Usual TSP and MOP) fertilizer and T5 – 100% Nano-Nitrogen (Usual TSP and MOP) fertilizer were applied. The results revealed that there were significant (p<0.05) differences between treatments in the tested parameters. The application of 100% Nano-Nitrogen fertilizer has given the highest growth performance with regard to plant height (57.9cm), number of tillers per plant (6), plant dry weight during the ripening stage (9.9g). With regarding to yield (2.8tonnesha-1) 100% Nano-Nitrogen fertilizer has given the highest performance. Treatment, where no any fertilizer applied, has given the lowest performance in the plant height, number of tillers per plant, plant dry weight and yield. Hence it could be indicated that Nano-Nitrogen could use as an alternative to urea in the cultivation of rice cultivar ‘Bg 250’ in the Sandy Regosol soil of Sammanthurai with reduced nitrogen pressure on the environment.
- Song, U., Shin, M., Lee, G., Roh, J., Kim, Y., Lee, E. J., 2013. Functional Analysis of TiO2 Nanoparticle Toxicity in Three Plant Species. Biological Trace Element Research 155, p. 93-103.
- Johnson, A., 2006. Agriculture and nanotechnology. Ward and Dutta, University of Wisconsin-Madison.
- Abdo, W., Geremew, B., Asefa, T., 2012. Effect of Different Nitrogen Fertilizer Rates on Yield and Yield Related Traits for Seven Durum Wheat (Triticum turgidum L. var Durum) Cultivars Grown at Sinana South Eastern Ethiopia 12, p. 6079-6094.
- Bahmaniar, M. A., Sooaee-Mashaee, S., 2010. Influence of Nitrogen and Potassium Top Dressing on Yield and Yield Components as Well as Well as Their Accumulation in Rice Oryza sativa. African Journal of Biology 9, p. 2648-2653.
- Benzon, H. R. L., Rubenecia, M. R. U., Jr, V. U. U., Lee, S. C., 2015. Nano-Fertilizer Affects the Growth, Development and Chemical Properties of Rice. International Journal of Agronomy and Agricultural Research 7, p. 105-117.
- Gao, J., Xu, G., Qian, H., Liu, P., Zhao, P., Hu, Y., 2013. Effects of Nano-TiO2 on Photosynthetic Characteristics of Ulmuselongata Seedlings. Environmental Pollution 176 p. 63-70.
- Hoffland, E., Dicke, M., van Tintelen, W., Dijkman, H., van Beusichem, M. L., 2000. Nitrogen availability and defense of tomato against two-spotted spider mite. J. Chem. Ecol. 26, p. 2697–2711.
- Janmohammadi, M., Amanzadeh, T., Sabaghnia, N., Dashti, S., 2016. Impact of Foliar Application of Nano Micronutrient Fertilizers and Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles on the Growth and Yield Components of Barley under Supplemental Irri-gation. Actaagriculturae Slovenica 107, p. 265-276.
- Klingenfuss, F., 2014. Testing of TiO2 Nanoparticles on Wheat and Microorganisms in a Soil Microcosm. Thesis for Master of Science in Ecotoxicology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg 62.
- Jiang, L. G., Dong, D. F., Gan, X. O., Wei, S. O., 2005. Photosynthetic efficiency and nitrogen distribution under different nitrogen management and relationship with physiological N-use efficiency in three rice genotypes. Plant.Soil 271, p. 321-328.
- Lampayan, R. M., Bouman, B. A. M., Dios, J. L. D., Espiritu, A. J., Soriano, J. B., Lactaoen, A. T., 2010. Yield of Aerobic Rice in Rain Fed Lowlands of the Philippines as Affected by Nitrogen Management and Row Spacing. Field Crops Research 116, p. 165-174.
- Liu, A. X., Liao, Z. W., 2008. Effects of nano-materials on water clusters. J. Anhui Agric. Sci. 36, p. 15780-15781.
- Liu, J., Zhang, Y., Zhang, Z., 2009. The Application Research on Nano-Biotechnology to Promote Increasing Vegetable Production. Hubei Agricultural Sciences 1, p. 20-25.
- Liu, R., Lal, R., 2015. Potentials of Engineered Nanoparticles as Fertilizers for Increasing Agronomic Productions. A Review. Science of the Total Environment 514, p. 131-139.
- Ma, J. F., 2004. Role of Silicon in Enhancing the Resistance of Plants to Biotic and Abiotic Stresses. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 50, p. 11-18.
- Mandeh, M., Omidi, M., Rahaie, M., 2012. In Vitro Influences of TiO2 Nanoparticles on Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) Tissue Culture. Biological Trace Element Research 150, p. 376-380.
- Manikandan, A., Subramanian, K. S., 2016. Evaluation of zeolite based nitrogen nano-fertilizers on maize growth, yield and quality on inceptisols and alfisols. International Journal of Plant and Soil Science 9(4), p. 1-9.
- Masum, S. M., Ali, M. H., Mandal, M. S. H., Chowdhury, I. F., Parveen, K., 2013. The Effect of Nitrogen and Zinc Application on Yield and Some Agronomic Characters of Rice cv. BRRI dhan33. International Research Journal of Applied and Basic Sciences 4, p. 2256-2263.
- Moro, M. B., Nuhu, R. I., Ato, E., Nathanial, B., 2015. Effect of Nitrogen Rates on the Growth and Yield of Three Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Varieties in Rain-Fed Lowland in the Forest Agro-Ecological Zone of Ghana. International Journal of Agricultural Sciences 5, p. 878-885.
- Morteza, E., Moaveni, P., Farahani, H. A., Kiyani, M., 2013. Study of Photosynthetic Pigments Changes of Maize (Zea mays L.) under Nano TiO2 Spraying at Various Growth Stages. Springer Plus 2 p. 1-5.
- Parks, S. E., Irving, D. E., Milham, P. J., 2012. A critical evaluation of on-farm rapid tests for measuring nitrate in leafy vegetables. Sci. Hort. 134, p. 1–6.
- Rubio-Covarrubias, O. A., Brown, P. H., Weinbaum, S. A., Johnson, R. S., Cabrera, R. I., 2009. Evaluating foliar nitrogen compounds as indicators of nitrogen status in Prunus persica trees. Sci. Hort. 120, p. 27–33.
- Mousavi Fazl, S. H., Faeznia, F., 2008. Effect of different moisture regimes and nitrogen on the yield and nitrate concentrations in potato tubers. Iranian Journal of Soil Research 22(2), p. 243-250.
- Sinfield, J. V., Fagerman, D., Colic, O., 2010. Evaluation of sensing technologies for on-the-go detection of macro-nutrients in cultivated soils. Comput. Electron. Agric. 70, p. 1–18.
- Sirisena, D. N., Dissanayake, D. M. N., Somaweera, K. A. T. N., Karunaratne, V., Kottegoda, N., 2013. Use of Nano-K Fertilizer as a Source of Potassium in Rice Cultivation. Annals of Sri Lanka Department of Agriculture 15, p. 257-262.
- Taiz, L., Zeiger, E., 2010. Plant Physiology, 5th ed.; Sinauer Associates Inc.: Sunderland, MA, USA, p. 67–86.
- Tarafdar, J. C., Raliya, R., Mahawar, H., Rathore, I., 2014. Development of Zinc Nanofertilizer to Enhance Crop Production in Pearl Millet (Pennisetum americanum). Agricultural Research 3, p. 257-262.
- Timmer, B., Olthuis, W., van den Berg, A., 2005. Ammonia sensors and their applications: A review. Sens. Actuators B 107, p. 666–677.
- Tremblay, N., Fallon, E., Ziadi, N., 2011. Sensing of crop nitrogen status: Opportunities, tools, limitations, and supporting information requirements. Hort Technol. 21, p. 274–281.
- Vigneau, N., Ecarnot, M., Rabatel, G., Roumet, P., 2011. Potential of field hyperspectral imaging as a non destructive method to assess leaf nitrogen content in Wheat. Field Crop. Res. 122, p. 25–31.
- Zebarth, B.J., Drury, C. F., Tremblay, N., Cambouris, A. N., 2009. Opportunities for improved fertilizer nitrogen management in production of arable crops in eastern Canada: A review. Can. J. Soil Sci. 89, p. 113–132.