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DETERMINANT FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE THE OCCURRING OF TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS IN WOMEN AGE 45 – 69 YEARS

Volume: 151  ,  Issue: 1 , June    Published Date: 26 June 2024
Publisher Name: IJRP
Views: 112  ,  Download: 41 , Pages: 840 - 853    
DOI: 10.47119/IJRP1001511620246806

Authors

# Author Name
1 Adelvy Usi Wulandari

Abstract

Background : Type 2 diabetes mellitus, as a type of non-communicable disease whose prevalence continues to increase every year, specifically threatens the elderly group. The aging process results in a decrease in insulin function in the body, which in turn can interfere with the regulation of blood sugar levels. This is the main trigger factor for the occurrence of type 2 diabetes mellitus in the elderly. Apart from that, decreased physical activity, unbalanced nutritional status, family history of diabetes, and inappropriate nutritional consumption patterns also play a role as risk factors that support the development of this condition. Methods : This study used a case control research design with a sample size of 70 women aged 45 – 69 years at the Bp Ashabul Kahfi 60 clinic, Surabaya City with a ratio of 1:1. The samples obtained used random sampling. The data that was obtained was analyzed using the chi-square statistical test, independent t test, and logistic regression according to the data obtained. Results : The results of this study showed a relationship between age (p=0.042 OR=0.863 CI=0.748-0.995), family history (p=0.001 OR=230.7 CI=10.4-5113.7), and level of energy consumption (p=0.003 OR=12.7 CI=2.4-67.4) with type 2 diabetes mellitus in women. There was no relationship between BMI (p=0.128 OR=0.513 CI=0.217-1.2) and abdominal circumference (p=0.308 OR=3.2 CI=0.338-30.9) with type 2 diabetes mellitus in woman. Conclusion : respondents with a family history of type 2 diabetes mellitus, the elderly, and unbalanced energy consumption have a risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus. Therefore, respondents are expected to maintain their quality of life to reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Keywords

  • age
  • women
  • diabetes mellitus
  • energy consumption level