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PROFILE OF HYPERTENSION IN THE ELDERLY AT THE MOJO PUBLIC HEALTH CENTER, SURABAYA, EAST JAVA, NOVEMBER 2022

Volume: 120  ,  Issue: 1 , March    Published Date: 07 March 2023
Publisher Name: IJRP
Views: 259  ,  Download: 195 , Pages: 65 - 72    
DOI: 10.47119/IJRP1001201320234491

Authors

# Author Name
1 Hanifah Az Zahrah
2 Meity Ardiana
3 Artaria Tjempakasari

Abstract

Background: Hypertension is the leading cause of premature death worldwide. The condition of hypertension occurs when the systolic blood pressure is more than 135-140 mmHg, and the diastolic pressure is more than 90 mmHg. Hypertension is common in society, especially among the elderly. Hypertension in the elderly is caused by physiological changes in the body. This happens because blood pressure tends to increase with increasing time. The risk factors for hypertension in the elderly are age, gender, physical activity, diet, level of education, smoking habits, salt consumption, medication adherence, obesity, diabetes mellitus, and kidney disease.   Objective: To describe the profile of hypertension in the elderly at the Mojo Health Center, considering that an increase in age is also followed by an increase in blood pressure.   Methods: The cross-sectional study design used a sample of elderly people suffering from hypertension according to the inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria at the Mojo Health Center in November 2022. The sample used was 155 respondents. Data collection by interview using a questionnaire containing the variables to be studied, namely gender, education level, smoking habits, adherence to taking antihypertensive drugs, obesity, history of type 2 diabetes mellitus, and history of kidney disease. The results will be presented in the form of tables and pie charts.   Result: Of the total elderly who suffer from hypertension, there are 155 elderly, 115 elderly women and 40 elderly men, the results obtained were 110 elderly with low education level while 45 elderly with high education level, 4 elderly smoke while 151 elderly do not smoke, 84 elderly regularly take medication while 71 elderly do not routinely take medication, 40 elderly are obese while 115 elderly are not obese, 15 elderly have a history of type 2 diabetes mellitus while 140 elderly do not have a history of type 2 diabetes mellitus, 1 elderly has a history of kidney disease while 154 elderly do not have a history of kidney disease.   Conclusion: Characteristics that are often found in the elderly who suffer from hypertension at the Mojo Health Center, Surabaya are women, low education level, no smoking, regularly taking antihypertensive medication, no obesity, no history of type 2 diabetes mellitus, and no history of kidney disease.

Keywords

  • Profile; hypertension; elderly