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Effect of Intermittent Fasting on Muscle Glycogen Stores in Rats with High-Calorie Diet

Volume: 112  ,  Issue: 1 , November    Published Date: 07 November 2022
Publisher Name: IJRP
Views: 78  ,  Download: 39 , Pages: 50 - 55    
DOI: 10.47119/IJRP10011211120224078

Authors

# Author Name
1 Sofia Zahra Kamila
2 Sundari Indah Wiyasihati
3 Lina Lukitasari

Abstract

Insulin resistance in skeletal muscle is important since it is normally responsible for most of the insulin-mediated glucose disposal and contains the largest glycogen storage regulated by insulin sensitivity. A high-calorie diet is known to be a risk factor for insulin resistance. Lifestyle modification by regulating caloric intake through intermittent fasting (IF) is recommended to prevent insulin resistance. This study aims to analyze the effect of eight weeks of intermittent fasting on skeletal muscle glycogen stores in rats with a four-week high-calorie diet. A total 24 healthy male Wistar rats were divided into four groups, Ad-libitum with a standard diet (AL-SD) Ad-libitum with a high-calorie diet (AL-HCD) IF with a standard diet (IF-SD) IF with a high-calorie diet (IF-HCD). Muscles were obtained and stained with PAS stain to evaluate glycogen expression based on color intensity. The results of the glycogen expression score were obtained as follows, AL-SD=2.113±0.589 AL-HCD=1.827±0.375 IF-SD=2.109±0.499 IF-HCD=1.979±0.334. Although there was no significant difference between groups (p> 0.05), IF can prevent excessive reduction of glycogen stores in subjects with a HCD compared to the AL-HCD group. In conclusion, this study suggests that IF might improve the reduction of glycogen stores in muscles due to a high-calorie diet.

Keywords

  • rats
  • High-Calorie Diet
  • healthy lifestyle
  • intermittent fasting
  • muscle glycogen