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Assessing Perception and Knowledge regarding HIV and AIDS among High School, College and University students of South Punjab, Pakistan

Volume: 99  ,  Issue: 1 , April    Published Date: 25 April 2022
Publisher Name: IJRP
Views: 58  ,  Download: 25 , Pages: 209 - 221    
DOI: 10.47119/IJRP100991420223104

Authors

# Author Name
1 Kashif Kamran Khan

Abstract

Assessing the Perception and Knowledge regarding HIV & AIDS among youth mostly in colleges and universities has become of extreme importance and concern. Most of the students have inadequate knowledge of high-risk groups for HIV infection and AIDS. A cross-sectional study was conducted using a random sampling technique of 300 students in randomly selected high schools, colleges, and universities of the targeted district of Multan. This recent study was carried out to determine the understanding, common perception, and knowledge of educated youth about HIV and AIDS across high schools, colleges, and universities of South Punjab. Data were obtained using structured and standardized questionnaires along with it focus group discussions, face-to-face interviews, and observations were also held among students of different educational institutions. This study depicted that students had just basic awareness regarding the infection, although most of the students have heard about HIV and AIDS yet 45% of them think that HIV is transmitted through sexual intercourse. Moreover, a myth was there regarding its transmission. About 20% of the students don’t know how many people were living with HIV in Pakistan; similarly, 56% of students even don’t know how many people died from AIDS. This study also revealed that 44% of students think that Pakistani people cannot get infected. The research showed that very little information was recorded regarding various mitigation practices that should be adopted in order to stay away from HIV and AIDS. Distressing gaps in knowledge relating to HIV and AIDS were identified. Increasing HIV knowledge regarding HIV status, stigma, fear, beliefs, social support, organizational capacity, and certification courses in collaboration with governmental, non govt. Departments and organizations regarding HIV & AIDS.

Keywords

  • HIV prevalence
  • perception
  • AIDS
  • PLWHIV
  • ART