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The Role of SOFA Score in Survival COVID-19 Patients Admitted to Intensive Care Unit

Volume: 91  ,  Issue: 1 , December    Published Date: 30 December 2021
Publisher Name: IJRP
Views: 61  ,  Download: 24 , Pages: 363 - 369    
DOI: 10.47119/IJRP1009111220212598

Authors

# Author Name
1 Matyn Pernama
2 Bambang Pujo Semedi
3 Kuntaman Kuntaman

Abstract

The novel coronavirus disease, COVID-19, is caused by a SARS-COV-2 infection and manifested in some clinical forms from mild to critical disease. The Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score has been used to predict the clinical outcomes of patients admitted to intensive care units with multiple organ failures. This study aimed to analyse the cut-off of the SOFA score with the best accuracy in predicting mortality in severe and critical COVID-19 population, and compared the survival rate difference of the high and low SOFA score according to the cut-off with the best accuracy from our study. This retrospective observational study analysed all of the severe and critical COVID-19 patients admitted to DR.Soetomo Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia, from June to September 2020. We excluded patients who had died less than 48 hours upon ICU admission and patients who were discharged against medical advice (DAMA). A total of 123 patients were eligible. SOFA score significantly predicted ICU mortality of COVID-19 patients with the Area-under-curve of 0.9 (p<0.001). The survival rate of patients with the SOFA score of ?7 was 90%, compared to patients with the SOFA score of >7 with a survival rate of 10%. Patients with SOFA score ? 7 had a significantly longer survival time during ICU care (HR=15.85, p<0.001). Our study proved that patients with higher SOFA scores had a significantly different survival outcome during the ICU stay, with the score cut-off of 7. This score cut-off could significantly discriminate ICU survival with high predictive values.

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • SOFA score
  • Survival