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The Relationship Between Chronic Kidney Disease and Weight Loss in Children

Volume: 91  ,  Issue: 1 , December    Published Date: 25 December 2021
Publisher Name: IJRP
Views: 368  ,  Download: 298 , Pages: 259 - 264    
DOI: 10.47119/IJRP1009111220212614

Authors

# Author Name
1 Dedi Irwanto
2 Rosmayanti Siregar
3 Winra Pratita
4 Arlinda Sari Wahyuni
5 Tina C.L.Tobing
6 Selvi Nafianti

Abstract

Background: Weight loss often occurs in children with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). Provision of proper nutrition is necessary for growth and development and weight gain of patients with chronic kidney disease in children. Objectve: To aimed the relationship between chronic kidney disease and weight loss in children Methods: An observational analytic study with a retrospective cohort design in outpatients and inpatients with chronic kidney disease aged 5 to 18 years at the H. Adam Malik Medan General Hospital and USU Hospital in December 2019 to March 2021. Results: This study was followed by 29 CKD children. Subjects who experienced weight loss were 16 (55.2%) children and 13 (44.8%) children who did not experience weight change after 3 months follow-up. There was a significant difference between the mean weight at baseline and after the 3-month follow-up period (p<0.001). There was no difference in the stage of CKD between initial examination and after 3-month follow-up (p = 0.877). There was no significance between the stage of chronic kidney disease and weight loss (p = 0.096). there was no significant relationship between chronic kidney disease stage and weight loss (p = 0.343), with the same nutritional status after 3 months follow-up. Other results showed that there was no difference in urea and creatinine levels between the start of the study and after 3 months of follow-up (p>0.05). The mean delta weight loss was 0.87 kg with the largest decrease being around 3 kg and 13 subjects did not show any weight loss. Conclusion: There was a significant association between initial weight loss and after 3 months of follow-up but not for height. There is no relationship between the initial examination stage of CKD and weight loss. There was no significant relationship between the initial examination of body weight, nutritional status, urea and creatinine levels and after 3 months of follow-up.

Keywords

  • weight loss
  • CKD
  • chronic kidney disease
  • CKD in Children