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Comparison of Prognostic Prediction Value by Ocular Trauma Score with Visual Outcome in Ocular Foreign Body Trauma

Volume: 83  ,  Issue: 1 , August    Published Date: 31 August 2021
Publisher Name: IJRP
Views: 53  ,  Download: 23 , Pages: 164 - 172    
DOI: 10.47119/IJRP100831820212206

Authors

# Author Name
1 Rizqy Abdullah
2 Susy Fatmariyanti
3 Hendrian Dwikoloso

Abstract

Purpose. To analyze and compare prognostic prediction value by Ocular Trauma Score (OTS) with visual outcome in patients with Intraocular Foreign Body (IOFB) Methods. A total of 34 eyes from 34 patients who underwent intraocular foreign body removal during a three-year period were retrospectively reviewed. Ocular trauma score was calculated for each eye. Results. The most common initial visual acuity was Light Perception/Hand Movement (50%) and No Light Perception (29,4%). The most common final visual acuity was Light Perception/Hand Movement (41,2%) and No Light Perception (38,2%). The most common anatomical complications are rupture (43,7%), endophthalmitis (31,2%), and perforating (18,7%). Patients was divided by Ocular Trauma Score with 42% presented with Score 3. Patients with six-month follow-up (67,6%) calculated for Prognostic Prediction Value with OTS. There were significant differences between the results of visual outcome of the subjects and OTS Prognostic Prediction Value from each scale(p>0,005). There were no differences between initial visual acuity and final visual acuity in six-months follow-up patients(p=0,481) and three-months follow-up patients(p=0,481). Conclusion. There were significant differences of the prognosis in patients with IOFB using OTS. There were no significant changes between initial and final visual acuity of IOFB patients, concluding that initial visual acuity may be used for prognosis in patients with IOFB. Keywords: Intraocular foreign body, ocular trauma score, eye trauma, visual outcome, open globe

Keywords

  • eye trauma
  • visual outcome
  • open globe
  • intraocular foreign body
  • ocular trauma score