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CT SCAN FEATURES OF OVARIAN NEOPLASM AT VARIOUS CA125 LEVELS A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY IN Dr. SOETOMO GENERAL ACADEMIC HOSPITAL SURABAYA JANUARY 2017 - JUNE 2020

Volume: 72  ,  Issue: 1 , March    Published Date: 26 March 2021
Publisher Name: IJRP
Views: 107  ,  Download: 36
DOI: 10.47119/IJRP100721320201798

Authors

# Author Name
1 Dian Puspitasari
2 Lies Mardiyana
3 Bambang Soeprijanto
4 Hari Nugroho

Abstract

Background: Ovarian cancer is the third malignant tumor with the high mortality rate beside breast cancer and cervical cancer. CA 125 is one of the earliest tumor markers and often used by clinicians to diagnosed ovarian cancer. One of the criteria for malignant ovarian neoplasms diagnostic is the elevation of CA 125 levels, but CA 125 level milieu is not specifics indicated ovarian cancer. Contrast – enhanced CT scan of the abdomen and pelvis are the initial imaging modality that used to determined further diagnostic for developed treatment. In addition, preoperative discrimination between benign, borderline and malignant mass in the pelvis was needed. Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate CT scan feature of ovarian neoplasm at various CA 125 levels. Methods: Retrospective descriptive study in Dr. Soetomo General Academic Hospital January 2017 until June 2020, 91 patients of ovarian neoplasm with pathological confirmed enrolled in the study. Patient did abdominal CT scan and CA 125 serum examination before surgery. CT scan feature was evaluated in raw data. Result: From this study, age range was 22-75 years old, 38.46 % sample was at 51– 60 years, CA 125 level range 7.1 – 8749.5 U/ml. Benign ovarian neoplasm samples were 24. 2 % with CA 125 range 13.1-32.5 U/ml, CT scan feature were cystic (100 %), septated (90.1%), with solid component (72.7%). Borderline ovarian neoplasm sample were 3.3 % with CA 125 range 33.8-454.6 U/ml, CT scan feature were cystic (100 %), septated (100%), with solid component (100%). Malignant ovarian neoplasm samples were 72.5 % with CA 125 range 7.1 – 8749.5 U/ml, CT Scan feature were cystic (100 %), septated (98,4%), with solid component (96.9%), contrast enhancement (96.9 %), irregular walls (84,8 %). Of all, 49 samples were found ascites (85,7% were malignant), 39 samples were found peritoneal carcinomatosis (92 % was malignant ovarian neoplasm). Conclusion: There were no difference finding of the CT scan characteristics in benign and borderline ovarian neoplasm group with normal CA 125 levels and elevated CA 125 levels. The difference between malignant ovarian group, in elevation of CA 125 level showed ascites and peritoneal cacinomatosis more.

Keywords

  • CT Scan
  • Ovarian neoplasm
  • CA 125