Social Sciences & Psychology

Social Sciences & Psychology

Do the Patterns of Attachment Affect Resilience in Adolescents?

Pages: 13  ,  Volume: 43  ,  Issue: 1 , December   2019
Received: 28 Dec 2019  ,  Published: 01 January 2020
Views: 43  ,  Download: 20


# Author Name
1 Rizky Septiani


One important factor that supports the formation of resilience is an attachment. The attachment which is divided into three patterns, namely secure attachment, anxious attachment, and avoidant attachment greatly affect the high and low resilience of individuals, especially adolescents. This study aims to examine differences in resilience in adolescents based on the patterns of attachment. Respondents in this study were adolescents with ages ranging from 18 to 22 years. This study uses a quantitative method by taking respondents using accidental sampling technique. The number of respondents was 131 people. The hypothesis testing in this study uses one way ANOVA technique. Based on the results of the analysis conducted, there is a very significant difference in adolescent resilience based on the pattern of attachments with a significance level of 0,000. Teenagers with secure attachment have higher resilience compared to adolescents with anxious attachments and adolescents with avoidant attachments.


  • resilience
  • References

    Anonim. (2011, September 12). Agung Bhaktiyar, Dokter Putra Tukang Becak. Retrieved June 14, 2013, from Suara Merdeka:


    Atwool, N. (2006). Attachment and Resilience: Implications for Children in Care. Child Care in Practice, 12(4), 315-330.

    Azwar, S. (2008). Tes Prestasi : Fungsi dan pengembangan pengukuran prestasi belajar. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Belajar.

    Blaustein, M. E., & Kinniburgh, K. M. (2010). Treating Traumatic Stress in Children and Adolescents : How to Foster Resilience through Attachment, Self-Regulation, and Competency. New York: The Guilford Press.

    Caldwell, J. G. (2012). Exploring the Cognitive-Emotional Pathways between Adult Attachment and Ego-Resiliency. Journal of Individual Differences Research, 10(3), 141-152.

    Colin, V. L. (1991). Infant Attachment: What We Know Now. Health and Human Services Assistant. United States: Nancy Low & Associates, Inc.

    Earvolino-Ramirez, M. (2007). Resilience: A Concept Analysis. Nursing Forum, 42(2).

    Fergus, S., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2005). Adolescent Resilience: A Framework for Understanding Healthy Development in the Face of Risk. Public Health, 26, 399-419.

    Fergusson, D. M., & Horwood, L. J. (2003). Resilience To Childhood Adversity : Results Of A 21 Year Study. In S. S. Luthar, Resilience and Vulnerability: Adaptation in the Context of Childhood Adversities (pp. 130-155). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Hazan, C., & Shaver, P. (1987). Romantic Love Conceptualized as an Attachment Process. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52(3), 511-524.

    Howard, S., & Johnson, B. (2000). Resilient and Non-Resilient Behaviour in Adolescents. Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology.

    Howe, D., Brandon, M., Hinings, D., & Schofield, G. (1999). Attachment Theory, Child Maltreatment and Family Support : A Practice and Assessment Model. London: Macmillan Press.

    Kaplan, H. B. (2005). Understanding the Concept of Resilience. In S. Goldstein, & R. B. Brooks, Handbook of Resilience in Children (pp. 39-47). New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.

    Kumpfer, K. L. (1999). Factors and Processes Contributing to Resilience : The resilience framework. In M. D. Glantz, & J. L. Johnson, Resilience and Development: Positive Life Adaptations (pp. 179-224). New York: KluwerAcademic/Pienum Publishers.

    Li, M.-H. (2008). Relationships among stress coping, secure attachment, and the trait of resilience among taiwanese college students. College Student Journal, 42(2), 312-325.

    Mairean, C., & Turliuc, M. N. (2011). Research Review : Risk and resilience in children, the role of social support. National Network for Professionals in Preventing Child Abuse and Neglect(30), 16-29.

    Mallon. (2010). Early attachment and the building of resilience : the theoretical basis of bereavement counseling.

    Mancini, A. D., & Bonanno, G. A. (2009). Predictors and Parameters of Resilience to Loss: Toward an Individual Differences Model. Journal of Personality, 77(6), 1805-1832.

    Prior, V., & Glaser, D. (2006). Understanding attachment and attachment disorders : theory, evidence, and practice. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

    Santrock, J. W. (2011). Life Span Development (13th ed.). Dallas: McGraw Hill.

    Spaulding , L. S. (2009). Education will be our mother : An exploration of resilience mechanisms relating to the educational persistence of sudanese refugees. Dissertation.

    Svanberg, P. O. (1998). Attachment, resilience and prevention. Journal of Mental Health, 7(6), 543-578.

    Wagnild, M. G., & Young, M. H. (1993). Development and psychometric evaluation of the resilience scale. Journal of Nursing Measurement, 1(2), 165-178.