Business Studies

Business Studies

Antecedents of Entrepreneurial Intention among Undergraduate Students in Sudan

Pages: 9  ,  Volume: 43  ,  Issue: 1 , December   2019
Received: 31 Dec 2019  ,  Published: 07 January 2020
Views: 168  ,  Download: 83


# Author Name
1 Emad Aldeen Essa Eshag Abou (PhD)
2 Idreis Alsiddig Osman Ali (PhD)
3 Monira Mohamed Isamail


This paper aims to shed light on the Antecedents of the intention of entrepreneurship among university students in Sudan. Many studies have confirmed that the intention of entrepreneurship can be achieved through a combination of factors such as personal factors, social factors and societal factors. Accordingly, the study model has been built and the hypotheses developed from the previous studies. The validity of the model was verified through a number of statistical methods. 384 questionnaires were distributed to university students in public and private universities in Sudan. The structural equation modeling was applied by using (PLS). The study showed a number of results that the societal factors effect on the intention. While personal factors, social factors do not affect entrepreneurial intentions. This study has multiple implications for decision makers and entrepreneurs



  • Altinay, L., Madanoglu, M., Daniele, & R. Lashley, C. (2012). The influence of family tradition and psychological traits on entrepreneurial intention, International Journal of Hospitality Management, 31, (2): 489-499
  • Bird, B. J. (1989). Entrepreneurial behavior. Glenview: Scott Foresman and Co
  • Che Embi, N.Jaiyeoba, H. and Yussof, S. (2019), "The effects of students’ entrepreneurial characteristics on their propensity to become entrepreneurs in Malaysia", Education + Training, Vol. 61 No. 7/8, pp. 1020-1037.
  • Elali, W. and Al-Yacoub, B. (2016), "Factors affecting entrepreneurial intentions among Kuwaitis", World Journal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, Vol. 12 No. 1, pp. 18-34.
  • Ephrem, A.Namatovu, R. and Basalirwa, E. (2019), "Perceived social norms, psychological capital and entrepreneurial intention among undergraduate students in Bukavu", Education + Training, Vol. 61 No. 7/8, pp. 963-983.
  • Ezeh, P.Nkamnebe, A. and Omodafe, U. (2019), "Determinants of entrepreneurial intention among undergraduates in a Muslim community", Management Research Review, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print.
  • Fayolle, A., & Liñán, F., (2013). The Future of Research on Entrepreneurial Intentions. Journal of Business Research 67(5),663–666.
  • Hmieleski, K.M. and Corbett, A.C. (2006), Proclivity for improvisation as a predictor of entrepreneurial intentions, Journal of Small Business Management, Vol. 44, Issue 1, pp.45-63.
  • Holmgren, C., & From, J. (2005). Taylorism of the mind: entrepreneurship education from a perspective of educational research. European Educational Research Journal, 4(4), 382–390
  • Karimi, S., Biemans, H. J. A., Lans, T., Mulder, M. & Chizari, M., (2014). The Impact of Entrepreneurship Education: A Study of Iranian Students’ Entrepreneurial Intentions and Opportunity Identification. Journal of Small Business Management.
  • Khan, K. (2013), Empirical analysis of entrepreneurial intentions. A case of Kabul based business students, Afghanistan, International Journal of Information, Business and Management, Vol. 5, No.1, pp.184-197.
  • Linan, F., Chen, Y. W., (2009). Development and cross-cultural application of a specific instrument to measure entrepreneurial intentions. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice 33(3), 593-617
  • Mumtaz, B.A.K, Munirah, S., & Halimahton, K. (2012).The Relationship between educational support and entrepreneurial intentions in Malaysian Higher Learning Institution, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences,69, 24: 2164-2173.
  • Nanda, R. & Sorensen, J., (2009). Workplace Peers and Entrepreneurship (March 10, 2009). Harvard Business School Entrepreneurial Management, Working Paper No. 08-051
  • Pruett, M. (2012), Entrepreneurship education: Workshops and entrepreneurial intentions, Journal of Education for Business, Vol. 87, pp.94-101. DOI: 10.1080/08832323.2011.573594.
  • Rauch, A., & Frese, M. (2000). Psychological approaches to entrepreneurial success: a general model and an overview of findings. In C. L. Cooper & I. T. Robertson (Eds.), International review of industrial and organizational psychology (pp.101–142). Chichester: Wiley
  • Rodrigues, A.Jorge, F.Pires, C. and António, P. (2019), "The contribution of emotional intelligence and spirituality in understanding creativity and entrepreneurial intention of higher education students", Education + Training, Vol. 61 No. 7/8, pp. 870-894.
  • Sahoo, S. and Panda, R. (2019), "Exploring entrepreneurial orientation and intentions among technical university students", Education + Training, Vol. 61 No. 6, pp. 718-736.
  • Shi, L.Yao, X. and Wu, W. (2019), "Perceived university support, entrepreneurial self-efficacy, heterogeneous entrepreneurial intentions in entrepreneurship education", Journal of Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print.
  • Souitaris, V., Zerbinati, S., & Al-Laham, A. 2007. Do Entrepreneurship Programmes Raise Entrepreneurial Intention Of Science And Engineering Students? The Effect of Learning, Inspiration and Resources. Journal of Business Venturing, 22, 566–591
  • Turker, D., & Selcuk, S.S. (2009) Which factors affect entrepreneurial intention of university students?. Journal of European Industrial Training. 33(2),142 – 159.
  • Urbano,D., & Aparicio, S. (2015). Entrepreneurship capital types and economic growth: International evidence, Technological Forecasting and Social Change
  • Yurtkoru, S. Ku?cu, Z.K., & Do?anay, A. (2014). Exploring the Antecedents of Entrepreneurial Intention on Turkish University Students, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 150: 841-850.
  • Zapkau, F.B., Schwens, C., Steinmetz, H., & Kabst, R. (2015). Disentangling the effect of prior entrepreneurial exposure on entrepreneurial intention, Journal of Business Research,68,(3): 639-653.