Business Studies

Business Studies


Pages: 12  ,  Volume: 40  ,  Issue: 1 , November   2019
Received: 13 Nov 2019  ,  Published: 18 November 2019
Views: 210  ,  Download: 10


# Author Name
1 David Kanyanjua
2 Moriasi Edna Bonareri



The management of a corporate invests in motivating employees so as to improve their performance. The main purpose of the study was to investigate the effect of motivation on employee performance of parastatals in Kenya parastatals:  a case study of the postal corporation of Kenya. The study was anchored on Hertzberg’s two factor theory and Equity theory. The research adopted a descriptive research. The target population was 536 employees of PCK from which a sample of 107 employees was selected using stratified random sampling method. Primary data was collected using a questionnaire. The research used package for social sciences (SPSS) computer package for analysis. Regression analysis was used in determining the influence of motivation on employee performance. The findings were presented in the form of tables and figures. The study found out that if employees are motivated, their performance will be high.  The inferential results on effect of employee motivation on employee performance show R=0.697 indicating a strong positive correlation and R2=0.486 and there was a significant effect between employee motivation on employee performance. (t=9.726, p<0.05). From the study results it was concluded that employee motivation increases the employee morale and thus increases performance. Training of the staff also has a higher role as a motivator in influencing employee productivity in the Postal Corporation of Kenya.


  • recommandation engine
  • References

    Akinola, G.O., Akinbobola, A.O., Agorzie, C.J., Okotoni, C.A. & Ojedele, M. I. (2014). Employee Motivation And Organizational Performance Of Quoted Firms In The Nigerian Food, Beverage And Tobacco Industry. Global Journal of Commerce and Management Perspective. Vol.3(4):220-227(July-August, 2014) ISSN:2319 –7285.

    Ali, A., Bin, L. Z., Piang, H. J. & Ali, Z. (2016). The Impact of Motivation on the             Employee Performance and Job Satisfaction in IT Park (Software House) Sector      of Peshawar, Pakistan.International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences. 6(9), 297 – 310.

    Bell, R., & Martin, J. (2012). The relevance of scientific management and equity theory in everyday.


    Bartol, K. M. and Martin, D. C. (1998), Management, 3rd ed., McGraw Hill, New York, NY, 268–279.

    Boamah, R. (2014). The Effect of Motivation On Employees’ Performance: Empirical EvidenceFrom The Brong Ahafo Education Directorate. Masters Theses.          Retrieved from

    Bratteli, O., & Robinson, D. W. (2012). Operator Algebras and Quantum Statistical Mechanics: Volume 1: C*-and W*-Algebras. Symmetry Groups. Decomposition of States. Springer Science & Business Media.

    Campbell JP (1999). The definition and measurement of performance in the new age. In D. R. Ilgen& E. D. Pulakos (Eds.), The changing nature of performance: Implications for staffing, motivation, and development San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. 399-429.

    Chandrasekar, K. (2011). Workplace environment and its impact on organisational performance in public sector organisations. International Journal of Enterprise Computing and Business Systems, 1(1).

    DeCenco D.A. & Robbins S.P, (1996), Human Resource Management (5th Ed.) pp.237-252. New Tork: John Wiley & Son In

    Deshpande, R., Farley, J.U. and Webster, F.E. (1997), “Factors affecting organizational performance: a five-country comparison”, Working Paper No. 97-108, Marketing Science Institute, Cambridge, MA

    Emeka, N., Amaka, O.& Ejim, E.P. (2015). The Effect of Employee Motivation on organizational             Performance of Selected Manufacturing Firms in Enugu State. World Journal of    Management and Behavioral Studies 3 (1): 01-08, 2015. DOI:             10.5829/idosi.wjmbs.2015.3.1.1314.

    Employee motivation Survey, 2016

    Ezenwakwelu, C.A (2017) International Business Management. (2nd Edition) Enugu Immaculate

    Gebregziabher, H. (2009). Determinants of public employees’ performance: evidence from Ethiopian Public Organization. International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, 58(3), 238-253.

    Kasser, T. (2002b). Sketches for a self-determination theory of values. In E. L. Deci & R. M. Ryan (Eds.), Handbook of self-determination research (pp. 123-140). Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press.

    Khan, M. K & Jabbar, M. (2013).  Determinants of Employees Performance in Corporate Sector: Case of an Emerging Market. Business and Management Research, 2(3), 25 – 32

    Kothari, C.R. (2004). Research Methodology- Methods and Techniques, New Delhi. Wiley Eastern Limited.

    Kuria, R. N. & Nzuve, S. N.M. (2015). Factors Perceived To Influence Employees’Performance; a           Case of the Kenyan State Law Office. Journal of Business & Economic Policy. Vol. 2, No.      3; pp214-220

    Kuvaas, B. and Dysvik, A. (2009), ‘‘Perceived investment in Employee Development,      intrinsic Motivation and Work Performance’’, Human Resource Management Journal, 19(3),  217–236.

    Muda, I., Rafiki, A. & Harahap, M. R. (2014). Factors Influencing Employees’ Performance: A Study on the Islamic Banks in Indonesia. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 5(2), 73 – 80.

    Mugenda, O. &Mugenda A.(2003). Research methods: quantitative and qualitative approaches.

    Shahzadi,I, Javed, A, Pirzada, S.S. Nasreen, S. & Khanam, F. (2014). Impact of Employee           Motivation on Employee Performance. European Journal of Business and             Management,6(23) 117-134

    PCK Employee satisfaction survey, 2018

    Performance Evaluation, 2015).

    Sonnentag, S. & Frese, M. 2002. Performance concepts and performance theory. Psychological management of individual performance. Germany: John Wiley & sons, Ltd.

    Litzky, B. E., Eddleston, K. A., & Kidder, D. L. (2006). The good, the bad, and the misguided: How managers inadvertently encourage deviant behaviors. Academy of management perspectives, 20(1), 91-103.