Earth, Energy & Environment

Earth, Energy & Environment

Influences of Shifting Cultivation on Soil Degradation and Deforestation at El Salaam Locality in South Darfur State – Sudan

Pages: 12  ,  Volume: 32  ,  Issue: 1 , July   2019
Received: 18 Jul 2019  ,  Published: 19 July 2019
Views: 80  ,  Download: 42


# Author Name
1 Adam Burma Ahmed Burma


The study was conducted at El Salaam Locality which is laid between (24º 30' and 24º 50' Northern latitudes, and 11º 20' and 11º 40' Eastern longitudes) South Darfur State during the years 2017– 2018. The aim of this study was to conduct a socioeconomic survey to detect peoples' perceptions toward soil degradation and deforestation from shifting cultivation. A primary data was collected by questionnaire from farmers were practices shifting cultivation. Secondary data were obtained from the documents related to the study aims.  In addition to that, field observations and general survey were used to obtain primary data. The statistical package for Social Science (SPSS) program was applied to analyze data obtained from farmers. The respondents showed significant differences at p<0.0001 in age grouping, sex, life system and family size, also the results showed that the illiteracy was increased within farmers. The shifting cultivation was the main sources of income for the local farmers, and there was high demand of land resources to practicing shifting cultivation due the increased family size and immigration from conflict areas, The reasons behind soil and land deterioration were shifting cultivation, the reasons behind soil and land deterioration where the practice of shifting cultivation, cutting trees and fires, which often used by the local farmers to clean forest land to cultivate their crops. Inefficiency products and poor production system and land degradation are the most phenomenon in the study area. The study also concluded that, the degradation of land and forest cover was resulted from deforestation and expansion of crop land, and these are the most serious problem that facing forestland and ecology.


  • shifting cultivation soil land farmers
  • References

    Ahmed, N. A. A. (2016). Assessment of Woody vegetation and Natural Regeneration in Zalingei Locality, Central Darfur, PhD. Thesis, Faculty of Forestry and Ranges Sciences, SUST, 2016.   

    Arifin, B. and Hudoyo, A., (1998). An Economic Analysis of Shifting Cultivation and Bush-Fallow in Lowland Sumatra. Research Report Submitted to Alternatives to Slash-and-Burn Indonesia Consortium  

    FAO, (2017) Study on Small Scale Family Farming in the near east and north Africa Region Focus Country Sudan, Food and Agriculture organization of the United State, Mamoun Beheiry Center for Economic and Social Studies and research in Africa, Khartoum (2017)

    Fashir,G.A., Fangama, I. M. and Abdalla, N.I. (2015).  Influences of Agricultural Expansion on Grazing lands in Tendalti Locality, White Nile State, Sudan. 

    Filho, A., A., R., Adams, C., and Murrieta, R., S., S., et al. (2013). The Impact of Shifting Cultivation on Tropical Forest Soil: a Review, Boletim do Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi. Ciências Humanas, v. 8, n. 3, p. 693-727, set.-dez. 2013.

    Ibrahim, G.A.,Fashir, G.A., Abdalla, N.I. and Omer, M. A. (2015). Main Constraints of Pastoral Communities Development in Edueim locality –White Nile State. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. 4 (6), 1025 - 1029.

    Kendawang, J., J.; Tanaka, S.; Ishihara, J.; Shibata, K.; Sabang, J.; Ninomiya, I.; Ishizuka, S.; Sakurai, K., (2004). Effects of Shifting Cultivation on Soil Ecosystems in Sarawak, Malaysia, Social Sci., Plant Nutr., 50(5), 677-687, 2004.

    Mohamedain, M., S., (2009). Use of Remote Sensing and Geographical Information System (GIS) for Sustainable Forest Management (Case Study of ed Dallinji and Nabag Forests, South Kordofan, PhD Thesis, SUST

    Pareta, K., (2013). Assessment of Carbon Stocks in Shifting Cultivation Lands A Case Study of Nagaland State of India, Esri International User Conference 2013.

    Ranjan, R., and Upadhyay, V., P. (2001). Ecological Problems Due to Shifting Cultivation, Ministry of Environmental and Forests, Eastern Regional Office, India