Medicine, Health & Food

Medicine, Health & Food

Correlation Body Mass Index, Blood Pressure and Intraocular Pressure in Obesity

Pages: 6  ,  Volume: 16  ,  Issue: 1 , November   2018
Received: 15 Nov 2018  ,  Published: 22 November 2018
Views: 27  ,  Download: 0

Authors

# Author Name
1 Masitha Dewi Sari, Vera Avliwani
2 Masitha Dewi Sari

Abstract

Intraocular pressure is fluid pressure inside the eye. Elevated IOP is an important risk factor in obesity. Obesity does not only risk factor of elevated intraocular pressure, but also increase risk in elevated blood pressure. An increase body mass index also significantly associated with increase blood pressure. This study investigate the correlation between body mass index, blood pressure and intraocular pressure in obesity. A prospective, analytical observational with cross sectional design was conducted at Sumatera Utara Universitas Hospital from July 2017 to August 2017 after approved by Ethics Committee for Health Research Medical Faculty Universitas Sumatera Utara. Fifty six patients diagnosed with obesity were evaluated. Obesity was measured by using Body Mass Index, while Body Mass Index calculated as body weight (kg) divided by heigh (m) squared, Blood Pressure was measured by GEA mercurial sphymometer and Litmann Sthetoscope and Intraocular Pressure was measured by Non-contact tonometer TOPCON CT-80A (Tokyo,Japan). There was a significant correlated between intraocular pressure with obesity (p<0,05) and significant correlated between intraocular pressure and blood pressure (p<0,05). Elevated intraocular pressure and blood pressure is a risk factor in obesity 

Keywords

  • obesity
  • intraocular pressure
  • blood pressure
  • body mass index
  • References

    1. Deutsch TJ, Grand MG. Introduction to Glaucoma, In:Lisegang TJ, ed Glaucoma. Basic and Clinical Science Course. San Francisco. 2015;10;11-14

    2. Costa VP, Acieri ES, Harris A te al. Blood Pressure and Glaucoma. Br J Ophthalmol, BMJ Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1136/bro.2008.149407 PMid:19336425

    3. Renzi K, Zeynal A, Bahri A, Ibrahim FH. Effect of body mass index on intraocular pressure and ocular pulse amplitude. Int J Ophthalmol.2012;5:605-608. https:// doi.org/10.3980/j.issn.2222-3959.2012.95.12 PMid: 23166873

    4. Van Leiden HA, Decker JM, Moll AC, Nijpels G, Heine RJ et al. Blood pressure, lipids, and obesity are associated with retinopathy: the horn study. Diabetes care.2002;25(8):1320-1325 PMid : 12145228

    5. Gladys OG, Ajayi BO. Correlation between body mass index, intraocular pressure, blood pressure and age Nigerian population. J Clin Ophthalmol. 2015; 6:641. https:// doi. 10. 41272/2155-9570.1000461