Engineering & Technology

Engineering & Technology

Hydrological Implication of Municipal Solid Waste Disposal on Groundwater Quality at Thirupperunthurai, Batticaloa

Pages: 11  ,  Volume: 16  ,  Issue: 1 , November   2018
Received: 15 Nov 2018  ,  Published: 22 November 2018
Views: 17  ,  Download: 0

Authors

# Author Name
1 R. Thivyatharsan and M. Rajendran

Abstract

The present study focused on characterization of leachate generated from Thirupperunthurai dumpsite and ascertaining the magnitude of dumpsite pollution on groundwater quality. The leachate and well water samples from the vicinity of dumpsite were collected and analysed for some physicochemical parameters such as pH, Dissolved Oxygen (DO), Electrical Conductivity (EC), Total Dissolved Solids (TDS), Total Hardness (TH), Nitrate and Phosphate. The results showed that the leachate at dumpsite is in methanogenic phase with high concentration of pollutants. The pH of well water samples ranged from 6.5-8.2. The DO, EC, TDS, TH, Nitrate and Phosphate ranged from 2.86 mg/l - 4.93 mg/l, 240 μS/cm - 2686 μS/cm, 120 mg/l - 1340 mg/l, 66 mg/l - 207 mg/l, 43 mg/l - 172 mg/l and 0.31 mg/l - 1.47 mg/l, respectively. Groundwater flow direction greatly influences on level of pollution in well water near the dumpsite. Water quality parameters except pH and TH exceeded the maximum allowable limits for drinking purpose at some locations. Positive correlation was found between parameters except DO. Further, tested parameters except DO showed negative correlation with distance from dumpsite. Overall, groundwater in this study area is polluted by generated leachate, especially in the vicinity of the dumpsite. Therefore, existing dumpsite should be upgraded to a well-engineered standard landfill to prevent future contamination of groundwater in this area.

Keywords

  • Water quality
  • Dumpsite
  • groundwater quality
  • leachate
  • References

    1. APHA (American Public Health Association). (1999). Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater American Water Works Association, Water Environment Federation.
    2. Kamboj, N and Choudhar, M. (2013). Impact of solid waste disposal on ground water quality near Gazipur dumping site,Delhi,Inda. International Journal of Applied Natural Science. 5(2):306-312.
    3. Longe E. O. and Balogun, M. R. (2010). Groundwater quality assessment near a municipal landfill, Lagos, Nigeria. Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology 2(1), 39-44.
    4. Mor, S., Vischher, A., Ravindra, K., Dahiya, R.P., Chandra, A. and Van Cleemput, O. (2006). Induction of enhanced methane oxidation in compost: Temperature and moisture response. Journal of Waste Management; 26 (4):381–388.
    5. Sawyer, C.H. (1960). Chemistry for Sanitary Engineers. New York: McGraw Hill
    6. Sugirtharan, M and Rajendran, M. (2015). Ground Water Quality Near Municipal Solid Waste Dumping Site At Thirupperumthurai, Batticaloa. The Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 10(1): 21-28.
    7. Taylor, R. and Allen, A. (2006). Waste disposal and landfill: Potential hazards and information needs. In O. Schmoll, G. Howard, J. Chilton and I. Chorus (Eds). Protecting Groundwater for Health: Managing the Quality of Drinking-water Sources. London: IWA Publishing.
    8. Thivyatharsan, R and Rajendran, M. (2017). Efficiency of Coagulation Process and Constructed Wetland for the Treatment of Municipal Solid Waste Landfill Leachate. Scholars Journal of Engineering and Technology (SJET), 5(9):497-501.
    9. WHO (2004). Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality. 3rd Edn.Vol. 1 Recommendation, Geneva,505.
    10. WHO (2008). World Health Organization, Guidelines for drinking-water quality: Incorporating 1st and 2nd addenda, Recommendations 1.
    11. WHO (2017). Guidelines for drinking-water quality, 4th edition, incorporating the 1st addendum. Recommendation, Geneva.