Chemistry & Chemical Engineering

Chemistry & Chemical Engineering

Variation of Physical Parameters of Different Combination of Soil with Laboratory Waste and Plant Morphology

Pages: 8  ,  Volume: 11  ,  Issue: 1 , August   2018
Received: 08 Sep 2018  ,  Published: 08 September 2018
Views: 182  ,  Download: 94


# Author Name
1 Priti Rai
2 Dr. Harsha Chatrath


Purpose of the study: Basic purpose of the study is utilization of laboratory wastes generated from science laboratories of educational institutes for plant growth. Plants growth differs according to the climatic conditions, nature of plant, nature of soil, minerals and microbes present in soil. Some plants were grown in different combinations of soil sample with addition of solid and liquid waste obtained from chemistry and biology laboratories of educational institutes.

Methodology: Carrot (Daucus carota), Spinach (Spinacia oleracea) and Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) were grown with two sets each, moistened with tap water and chemical waste water. After few months again Aloe vera (A. barbadensisMill), Hedge (Berberis thunbergii), Periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus) and Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) were grown with different combinations of soil with chemical waste to see the difference in the plant growth which includes observations of soil pH, soil temperature, plant morphology, deformities observed with leaves, flowers and fruits, time took for flowering and many more physical property parameters after certain period of time.

Main Findings: Different plants exhibited different variation in their growth such as height, size of leaves and thickness of leaves. In case of Aloe vera the one which is grown in soil combined with liquid waste has shown measurable growth. In case of Hedge, the one which is grown in soil combined with liquid waste has shown the fastest growth in height.

Applications of this study: These experiments enabled us to understand the morphology of plants and rate of growth of plants in different soil combinations. We were able to analyse the specific requirements of the plant in terms of ions and minerals and the effect of climatic conditions on growth of plant.

Novelty/Originality of this study: In place of fertilizers, chemistry and biology laboratories wastes have been used which has reduced the pollution and the garbage collection created due to chemical waste in the campus.




  1. Abid, K., S. M. S. Muhammad,  R. Abdu, M. Sajid, A. Kawsar, A. Amjed. And Faisal. 2014.  Influence                                      of Nitrogen and Potassium Levels on Growth and Yield of Chillies (Capsicum annuum L.).  International Journal of Farming and Allied  Sciences,3 (3): 260-264. ISSN 2322-4134.
  2. Ahmadi, H., V. Akbar Pour, F. Dashti and A. Shojaeian, 2010. Effect of different levels of nitrogen on yield, nitrate accumulation and several quantitative attributes of five Iranian spinach. American Eurasian J. Agric.And Environ. Sci., 8(4): 468-473. ISSN 1818-6769.
  3. Aisha, H. Ali; Magda M. Hafez; Asmaa, R. Mahmoud and M.R. Shafeek, 2013. Effect of Bio and chemical fertilizers on growth, yield and chemical properties of spinach plant (Spinacia oleracea L.). Middle East Journal of Agriculture Research, 2(1): 16-20, ISSN 2077-4605.
  4. Chanda Goutam Kumar , Bhunia Goutam and Chakraborty Susanta Kumar*. The effect of vermicompost and other fertilizers on cultivation of tomato plants. February 2011. Journal of Horticulture and Forestry. Vol. 3(2), pp. 42-45. ISSN 2006-9782.  
  5. Chapman, H.D. and P.F. Pratt, 1978. Methods of analysis for soils, plants and waters. Chapman Publishers,Riverside, California, USA.
  6. EL-Assiouty, F.M.M. and S.A. Abo-Sedera, 2005. Effect of Bio and Chemical Fertilizers on Seed Production and Quality of Spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.). Int. J. Agri. Biol., 7(6): 947-952.
  7. El-Habbasha, S.F., Abd El Salam, M.S. and Kabesh, M.O., 2007. Response of Two Sesame Varieties (Sesamum indicum L.) to Partial Replacement of Chemical Fertilizers by Bio-organic Fertilizers, Research Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences, 3(6): 563-571.
  8. F.M.M. EL-Assiouty & S.A. Abo-Sedera, 2005. Effect of Bio and Chemical Fertilizers on Seed Production and Quality of Spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) International journal of agriculture & biology. 1560–8530/07–6–947–952.
  9. F. M. Owoade and G. O. Adeoye, (Mar.- Apr.2016). Nutritive Value And Nutrient Uptake Of Aloe Vera L. Burm F. Grown In Beach Sand As Influenced By Nutrient Application, IOSR Journal of Pharmacy and Biological Sciences (IOSR-JPBS) e-ISSN:2278-3008, p-ISSN:2319-7676. Volume 11, Issue 2 Ver. I (Mar.- Apr.2016), PP 37-42
  10. Jaiswal, A.K., Kumar, S. and Bhatnagar, T. 2018. Studies to Enhance the Shelf Life of Tomato Using Aloe Vera and Neem Based Herbal Coating. Journal of Postharvest Technology, 6(2): 21-28.
  11. Jaworska, G. 2005. “Content of nitrates, nitrites, and oxalates in New Zealand spinach”. Food Chem., 89:235-242.
  12. Khandekar M. M, Rohani F, Dalorima T, Mat N. 2017. Effects of Different Organic Fertilizers on Growth of Yield and Quality of Capsicum Annum L. Var. Kulai. (Red Chilli Kulai). 14(1).
  13. Majeeduddin Solangi, Velo Suthar, Bakhtawar Wagan, Abdul Ghafoor Siyal, Asadullah, Sarkhi and Rajesh Kumar Soothar, 2015. Evaluate the effect of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizer doses on growth and yield of spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) Sci. Int.( Lahore), 28(1), 379-383,  ISSN 1013-5316; CODEN: SINTE 8.
  14. Murillo-Amador B, Co´ rdoba-Matson MV, Villegas-Espinoza JA, Herna´ndez-Montiel LG, Troyo-Die´guez E, et al. (2014) Mineral Content and Biochemical Variables of Aloe vera L. under Salt Stress. PLoS ONE 9(4): e94870. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0094870.
  15. Rathod SR, Raj A, Sarda T, Maske S, 2018. Aloe vera: A natural remedy. SRM J Res Dent Sci;9:32-6.