Engineering & Technology
Received: 08 Sep 2018 , Published: 08 September 2018
Views: 108 , Download: 55
|1||Ibrahim Shuaibu Muhammad|
The growing interests in the use of lignocellulosic agricultural fibers as reinforcement in composite led to minimize the environmental problem associated with disposal of non-biodegradable composites. This research aims to evaluate and optimize a ceiling board composite from piliostigma thonningii particulate reinforced with styrofoam adhesive. Minitab 17 statistical software was used. The process was successfully modeled and optimized using a Box–Behnken design method with response surface methodology (RSM). The effects of three independent process variables (fibre/binder mixing ratio, pressure and temperature) were investigated, the coefficients of determination (R2 = 97.49 and 99.02%) is enough, which explained adequately for the model to be considered. Furthermore, the optimal conditions for the piliostigma thonningii board were found to be fibre/binder mixing ratio of 1:1w:w, pressure of 500kg/m2 and temperature of 91.73 oC which yielded response values of 9.0466 % water absorption and 0.106810 W/mK thermal conductivity. The optimum results gave a minimal error difference when validated. Hence the board has greater insulating properties and shows good potential to be used as ceiling board.
Abdullahi, I. and Umar A. A. (2010) Potentials of unsaturated polyester ground nut shell as material in building industry. Journal of engineering and technology, 5, 78-84.
ASTM (2004) Standard methods for evaluating properties of wood-based fiber and particle Panel materials. American Society for Testing and Material International handbook.
Aroke U. O., Osha O. A., Ibrahim M. and Kabir G. (2012) Analysis of Particle Board from Rice Husk and Sawdust using Developed Styrofoam Adhesive Binder, International Journal of Engineering Science, 3(4)81-86
Bledzki, A. K. and Gassan J. (1999) Composites reinforced with cellulose based fibers.
Progress Polymer Science,24(221) retrieved online on 22ndAPRIL, 2016. From (http//books.goggle.com.ng).
Dagwa, I.M., Builders, P.F and Achebo, J. (2012). Characterization of Palm Kernel Shell Powder for use in Polymer Matrix Composites. International Journal of Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering, 12(4), 88-93
Ekpunobi U. E., Ohaekenyem E. C., Ogbuagu A. S.andOrjiako E. N. (2014). The Mechanical Properties of Ceiling Board Produced from Waste Paper. Elements of materials science and engineering, 3rd edition. Addision Wesley Publishing Company Inc, United State.
Gary W. Oehlert, 2010. A First Course in Design and Analysis of Experiments text book. University of Minnesota, USA.
Hill, T. and Lewicki, P. (2007). Statistics: Methods and Applications Textbook. retrieved online on 22nd May, 2014 http://www.statsoft.com/textbook
Justiz Smith, N.G., Virgo, G.J., Buchanan, V.E., 2008. Potential of Jamaican banana, coconut coir and bagasse fibre as composite materials. Mater Charact. 59, 1273-1278
Klyosov, A. A. (2007). Wood Plastic Composite. John Wiley and Son Inc, New Jersey, USA.
Lange. J.M.C (2013). Piliostigma thonningii (Schumach) Milne-Redhead, JSTOR global Plant, www.plants.jstor.org
La mantia, F. P. and Morreale, M. (2011). Green composite: A brief review, Elsevier journal of materials science, 579-588
Nemli, G. and Aydin A. (2007). Evaluation of the physical and mechanical properties of Particle board made from the needle litter of Pinuspinaster Ait’. Industrial Crops and Products 26(3): 252–258
Panyakaew, S. AND Fatios, S. (2011). New thermal insulation boards made from coconut husk and bagasse, Energy and Buildings 43(7), PP. 1732-1739. Available at: http//dx.doi.org/10.1016.j.enbuild
Rekesh, K., Sangeeta, O. and Aparna, S. (2011). Chemical Modifications of Natural fibre for Composite Materials. Pelagia research library, der chemical sinica, 2(4), 219-228.