Business Studies

Business Studies

The Influence of Employees’ Commitment on Organizational Performance in Nigeria

Pages: 12  ,  Volume: 8  ,  Issue: 1 , July   2018
Received: 23 Jul 2018  ,  Published: 23 July 2018
Views: 60  ,  Download: 41


# Author Name
1 Ehijiele Ekienabor


The research commences with the foundation of previous work that establishes that employee commitment does have an effect on organizational performance. The objective of the study was to establish the relationship between employee commitment (affective, normative and continuance) and organizational performance. The research was carried out through a quantitative methodology; using simple random sampling method in the selection of respondents. Analysis of data was carried out using multiple regression statistical technique (IBM SPSS Statistics 20) and cues to findings were arrived at. The findings of the study provided that affective commitment; normative commitment and continuance commitment all have a significant effect on organizational performance. The study recommended that organizations must exhibit a high level of commitment to its employees if the organization is to get employees to be committed. Consequently, firms should keep their employees sufficiently satisfied by providing the key elements and solutions that solve their eminent pain point.


  • employee commitment
  • organizational performance
  • food and beverage industry
  • affective commitment
  • normative commitment
  • continuance commitment
  • commitment
  • employee
  • performance
  • References

    Abu-Baker, M., 2010. The role and impact of family-friendly work practices in the context of Middle Eastern organisations. Doctorial symposium. Research Institute for Business and Management, Manchester Metropolitan University Business School.

    Akintayo, D.I., 2010. Work-family role conflict and organizational commitment among industrial workers in Nigeria. Journal of Psychology and Counselling. 2(1): 1-8.

    Allen, N.J., Meyer, J.P., 1990. The measurement and antecedents of affective, continuance and normative commitment to the organization. Journal of Occupational Psychology, 63:1-18

    Anwar K., 2016. The relationship between employee commitment and sustained productivity in agricultural businesses. International Journal of Management and Applied Science, 2(1) 34-36

    Argyris, C., 1964. Integrating the individual and the organization. New York: Wiley.

    Armstrong, M., 2003. A Handbook of Human Resource Management practice, Handbook of strategic HRM, Crest Publishing, UK.

    Arthur, J., 1994. Effects of human resource system on manufacturing performance and turnover. Academy of Management Journal, 37 (3): 670 -687.

    Bandula P.M.K.U.,  Lakmini, V.K. J., 2016. Impact of employee commitment on job performance: based on leasing companies in Sri-Lanka. International Journal of Arts and Commerce. 5 (8).

    Beck, K., Wilson, C., 2000. Development of affective organizational commitment: A cross-sequential examination of change with tenure. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 56: 114−136

    Becker, H.S., 1960. Notes on the Concept of Commitment. American Journal of Sociology. 66: 32-40.

    Boxall, P., Macky, K., 2009. Research and theory on high-performance work systems: progressing the high-involvement stream. Human Resource Management Journal, 19: 3-23.

    Bragg, T., 2002. Improve employee commitment. Industrial Management, 7(8): 18-20.

    Brannick, T., Roche, W. K., 1997. Business research methods: strategies, techniques and sources. Dublin: Oak Tree Press.

    Briscoe, D. R., & Claus, L., 2008. Employee performance management: policies and practices in multinational enterprises. Performance Management Systems: A Global Perspective, Routledge, London, 15-39.

    Chapman, J.W., Galston, W.A., 1992. Virtue. New York: New York University Press.

    Comte-Sponville, A.. 2001. A Small Treatise of the Great Virtues. (C. Temerson, Translator). New York: Metropolitan Books.

    Cooper-Hakim, A., Viswesvaran, C., 2005. The construct of work commitment: Testing an integrative framework. Psychological Bulletin, 131: 241−259.

    Dent, N., 1984. The Moral Psychology of the Virtues. New York: Cambridge University Press.

    Dixit, V., Bhati, M., 2012. A Study about Employee Commitment and its impact on Sustained Productivity in Indian Auto-Component Industry. European Journal of Business and Social Sciences, 1(6): 34 – 51

    Dolan, S. L., Tzafrir, S.S., Baruch, Y., 2005. Testing the causal relationships between procedural justice, trust and organizational citizenship behavior. Revue de Gestion des Ressources Humaines, 57: 79-89.

    Dost, M.K.B., Zulfiqar, A., Noman, S., Wasim A.S., 2011. Impact of Employee Commitment on Organizational Performance. Arabian Journal of Business and Management Review 1(3)

    Fugate, B.S., Stank, T.P., Mentzer, J.T., 2009. Linking improved knowledge management to operational and organizational performance. Journal of Operations Management, 27(3): 247-264.

    Guest, D.E., Michie, J., Conway, N., Sheehan, M., 2003. Human Resource Management and Corporate Performance in the UK. British Journal of Industrial Relations, 41 (2): 291-314.

    Irefin P., Mohammed M.A., 2014. Effect of Employee Commitment on Organizational Performance in Coca-Cola Nigeria Limited Maiduguri, Borno State. IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science (IOSR-JHSS), 19 (3):33-41

    Ivancevich, J.M., 2010. Human Resource Management-11th ed. The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

    Jaw, B., Liu, W., 2004. Promoting organisational learning and self-renewal in Taiwanese companies: The Role of HRM. Human Resource Management, 42 (3): 223 -241.

    Likert, R.L., 1961. The human organization. New York: McGraw-Hill.

    MacIntyre, A., 1984. After virtue: a study in moral theory (2nd ed.). Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press.

    Mathieu, J.E., Zajac, D.M., 1990. A review and meta-analysis of the antecedents, correlates, and consequences of organizational commitment. Psychological Bulletin, 108: 171−194.

    McGregor, D., 1960. The human side of enterprise. New York: McGraw-Hill.

    Meyer, J.P., Allen, N., 1991. A three-component conceptualization of organizational commitment. Human Resource Management Review, 1: 61−89.

    Meyer, J.P., Allen, N.J., 1997. Commitment in the workplace: Theory, research, and application. Thousand Oaks, Calif: Sage Publications.

    Meyer, J.P., Herscovitch, L., 2001. Commitment in the workplace: Toward a general model. Human Resource Management Review, 11: 299−326.

    Meyer, J.P., Becker, T. E., Van Dick, R., 2006. Social identities and commitments at work: Toward an integrative model. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 27: 665−683.

    Meyer, J.P., Stanley, D.J., Herscovitch, L., Topolnytsky, L., 2002. Affective, continuance and normative commitment to the organization: A meta-analysis of antecedents, correlates, and consequences. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 61: 20−52.

    O’Malley, M., 2000. Creating commitment. John Wiley & Sons. Chichester

    Ongori, H., 2007. A review of the literature on employee turnover. African Journal of Business Management. 49-54

    Richard, P.J., Devinney, T.M., Yip, G.S, Johnson, G., 2009. Measuring organizational performance: towards methodological best practice. Journal of Management. 35 (3): 718-804

    Riketta, M., 2002. Attitudinal organizational commitment and job performance: A meta-analysis. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 23: 257−266.

    Schneider, B., Hanges, P.J., Smith, D.B., Salvaggio, A.N., 2003. Which comes first: Employee attitudes or organizational financial and market performance? Journal of Applied Psychology, 88: 836-851

    Shahid A., Shahid. M. A., 2013. Gaining Employee Commitment: Linking to Organizational Effectiveness. Journal of Management Research, 5(1): 250-268

    Sharma, J.P., Bajpai, N., 2010. Organizational commitment and its impact on job satisfaction of employees: A comparative study in public and private sector in India. International Bulletin of Business Administration, 9: 7-19.

    Tett, R.P., Meyer, J.P., 1993. Job satisfaction, organizational commitment, turnover intention, and turnover: Path analyses based on meta-analytic findings. Personnel Psychology, 46: 259−293.

    Walton, R., 1995. From control to commitment in the workplace. Harvard Business Review, 63 (2): 76-84.

    Weiner, N.O., 1993. The harmony of the soul: mental health and moral virtue reconsidered. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.

    Whitener, E., 2001. Do “high commitment” human resource practices affect employee commitment? A cross-level analysis using hierarchical linear modeling. Journal of Management, 27: 515−535.

    Zheng, W., Sharan K., Wei J., 2010. New development of organizational commitment: a critical review (1960-2009). African Journal of Business Management, 4(1): 12-20.