Earth, Energy & Environment

Earth, Energy & Environment

Join as an Editor/Reviewer

Socioeconomic impact of drought and desertification on rural livelihoods in the area between Omdurman and west White Nile State, Sudan

Volume: 62  ,  Issue: 1 , October    Published Date: 26 October 2020
Publisher Name: IJRP
Views: 88  ,  Download: 18
DOI: 10.47119/IJRP1006211020201471


# Author Name
1 Hamza Abdelrefea Magboul Mohamed
2 Ali Abdel Aziz Salih
3 Yahya Hassan Eltayeb


The objectives of this study were to assess the effects of desertification on rural livelihoods of communities in the area between Omdurman and west White Nile State (Kosti and Elduiem areas). This area was selected to capture three climate change vulnerable ecological zones, namely the desert, semi-desert, and low rainfall savannah area. Primary data were collected by a structured questionnaire by 309 respondents from 12 villages in eight localities selected by a multi-stage stratified random sampling method to obtain the socio-economic parameters. The socio-economic analysis results depicted the prevalence of poverty among 60 % of the study population, relatively considerable dependence on traditional rain-fed agriculture among 55%, and similar dependence on one crop grown by 58%. Only a few, (29%) of the population depended on irrigated agriculture, which reflects the vulnerability of the rural livelihood in the area. However, to expand their crop production, about 49 percent of the vulnerable households’ adapted their cultural practices applying modern inputs using chemical pesticides and fertilizers, and about 27% expanded on land cultivation. About 20.5 % changed their crop varieties and about 54.2% cultivated vegetable crops to earn higher returns. The study recommended the involvement of the government in establishing a rural community association supporting them in combating desertification provision of alternative sources of energy, improve water harvesting systems, conserve, and establish shelterbelts.


  • socio-economic
  • household
  • land degradation
  • Rangeland
  • References

    Abu Sin, M.H.(1986). "Man's socio-economic response to drought in the White Nile " in Davies, H.R. J. (edit): Rural Development in White Nile, Sudan, United Nations University, Tokyo. (

    Eisa.Adil .Y.Yagoub. (2004). Impact of Environmental Degradation and poverty on Food Security: "Case study of White Nile State, Sudan" M. Sc. Thesis in Agricultural Economics, University of Khartoum.

    Gaiballa, A. K., and Farah, A. M. (2004). A Proposed Plan for Research in Desertification in Sudan: White Nile State: in Proceeding of the National

    IFAD,(2010). SUDAN Environmental and Climate Change Assessment ., Prepared for IFAD’s Country Strategic Opportunities Programme 2013-2017.

    IFPRI (International Food Policy Research Institute). (2012). East African Agriculture and Climate Change: A comprehensive analysis –Sudan

    Salih, E. M. (1996). The Geographical Extent of Desertification in Sudan.ALBUHUTH J .Sc, Vol. S.pp.18_40.


    UNCED. (1992). United Nations Conference on Environment and Development.Chapter 12, Agenda 21. Report of the United Nations Conference on environment and development. Rio de Janeiro3-14 of June. A/CONF.151/26 (Vol. I)

    UNEP.(2007). Sudan Post-Conflict Environmental Assessment. United Nations environment program, Geneva.

    UNEP and ICRAF. (2006) .  United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF)(2006), Climate Change and Variability in the Sahel Region: Impacts and Adaptation Strategies in the Agricultural Sector.

    Zakieldeen, SA.( 2007). Vulnerability in Sudan. Tiempo Bulletin 62. Online bulletin at

    Zhang, Z., C.-Y. Xu,  YONG B, Hu J, and SUN Z . (2012). Understanding the Changing Characteristics of Droughts in Sudan and the Corresponding Components of the Hydrologic Cycle. Journal of