Earth, Energy & Environment

Earth, Energy & Environment

Join as an Editor/Reviewer

Assessment on Consequences and Benefits of the Smart Farming Techniques in Batticaloa District, Sri Lanka

Volume: 61  ,  Issue: 1 , September    Published Date: 08 October 2020
Publisher Name: IJRP
Views: 46  ,  Download: 20
DOI: 10.47119/IJRP100611920201445


# Author Name
1 Narmilan, A
2 Niroash, G
3 Sumangala, K


ICT in agriculture (e-Agriculture) is an emerging field focused on improving agricultural production and rural development. The study was aimed to identify the consequences, promotion and benefits of farmer community towards the e-agriculture. Therefore, primary data were collected from the randomly selected 1580 farmers by means of a well-designed questionnaire survey during the period of February to April, 2019. The demographic characteristics of the farming community showed that only 5.1% of respondents were illiterate in this area. According to the study, 36.1% of respondents used telephone as ICT tool for agriculture.0% of respondents used any ICT tools. Consequences index (CI) ranged from 114 to 586, where 114 indicated that the farmers strongly disagreed that there would be some consequences by not using ICT and 586 indicated that the farmers accepted that they would suffer in the future by not using ICT in their agricultural activities. Promotion measures index (PMI) ranged from 508 to 618, where 508 indicated the farmers’ response on the provision of a computer, Internet access, and technician to each village was comparatively less whereas 618 indicated that the farmers accept the provision of incentives and finance may promote the use of ICT by a greater extent. Benefits of usage index (BUI) ranged from 86 to 140, where 86 indicated that the response of farmers on the option “cheaper” was less and 140 indicated that the farmers accepted the use of ICT in Agriculture helps them to acquire timely information related to their particular agricultural activities. Limiting factors index (LFI) ranged from 100 to 454, where 100 indicated that a high number of farmers strongly disagreed on “no perceived economic benefit” by using ICT and 454 indicated that a high number of farmers accept that the lack of training is the main limiting factor of using ICT in their agricultural activities.


  • Awareness
  • Batticaloa
  • Digital Agriculture
  • Farmers
  • References

    Adhiguru, P. and Devi, S. V. (2012). ICT in Indian Agriculture: Learnings and way        ahead. International Journal of Extension Education3(8): 1-4.


    Alam, M. Z., Islam, M. S., and Kabir, M. H. (2018). Problems faced by the bean farmer in

    selected areas of Pabna district in Bangladesh. Research in Agriculture Livestock and

    Fisheries, 5(1): 11-18.


    Ali, J. (2011). Use of quality information for decision-making among livestock farmers: role of information and communication technology. Livestock Research for Rural Development. 23-43.

    Chapota, R., Fatch, P. and Mthinda, C. (2014). The Role of Radio in Agricultural Extension and Advisory Services–Experiences and Lessons from Farm Radio Programming in Malawi–MEAS Case study. 8.

    Chhachhar, A.R., Querestic, B., Khushk, G.M. and Ahmed, S. (2014). Impact of ICTs in

    agriculture development. Journal of basic applied science research. 4: 281–288.


    Chukwunonso, F., Abubakar, M. and Nkiru, O. (2012). The adoption of information and communication technology (ICT) in agriculture in Adamawa State, Nigeria. African Journal of Agricultural Research and Development5(3): 79-85.

    Corea.S, (2000). “Cultivating technological innovation for development”, Elect. Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries (EJISDC). 2(2):1-15.


    Fredrick A, kimutai K, kefah R. and dorothy R, (2013). ICT Solution Architecture for Agriculture. IST-Africa Conference Proceedings.


    Forfas. (2004). (Forfás is Ireland’s policy advisory board for enterprise, trade, science, technology, and innovation)

    rt_2004_english.pdf, (accessed March 2012).


    Gelb, E.M. and Bonati, G. (1998). Evaluating internet for extension in agriculture. The journal of agricultural education and extension. 5(3): 211-216.


    Gelb, E. and Voet, H. (2009). ICT Adoption Trends in Agriculture: A summary of the EFITA ICT Adoption Questionnaires (1999-2009). Abrufbar unter: http://departments. agri. huji. ac. il/economics/voet-gelb. pdf. Letzter Zugriff. 20.

    Iddings, R.K. and Apps, J.W. (1990) ‘What Influence Farmers’ Computer Use Journal of Extension, XXVIII (Spring).19-20.


    Jayathilake H.A.C. K., Jayaweera B.P. A and Waidyasekera. E.C. S. (2010). ICT Adoption and Its’ Implications for Agriculture in Sri Lanka. Journal of Food and Agriculture ·

    DOI: 10.4038/jfa. v1i2.1799.


    Khan, G.A., Muhammad, S., Chaudhry, K.M. and Khan, M.A. (2010). Present status and future preferences of electronic media as agricultural information sources by the farmers. Pakistan journal of agriculture science. 47: 166–172.

    Kurtenbach, T. and Thompson, S. (2000) ‘Information Technology Adoption: Implications for Agriculture.

    Lokeswari, K. (2016). A study of the use of ICT among rural farmers. International Journal of Communication Research6(3), 232.

    Meera, S. N., Jhamtani, A. and Rao, D. (2004). Information and communication technology in agricultural development: A comparative analysis of three projects from India. Agren. Network Paper 135: 1-14.

    Mwakaje, A. G. (2018). Information and communication technology for rural farmer’s market access in Tanzania.

    Otter, V. and Theuvsen, L. (2014). ICT and farm productivity: Evidence from the Chilean

    Agricultural export sector. In GIL Jahrestagung. 113–116.


    Patil, V. C., Gelb, E., Maru, A., Yadaraju, N. T., Moni, M., Misra, H. and Ninomiya, S. (2008). Adoption of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) for agriculture: An Indian case study. In IAALD AFITA WCCA 2008. World Conference on Agricultural Information and IT.

    Rahman. M.A. (2009)."Use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) by Agricultural Extensionists in the Gezira State, Sudan." ed. Wad Medani: Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Gezira.


    Rashid, S. M. M., and Islam, M. R. (2016). Problems faced by farmers in application of e-

    Agriculture in Bangladesh. Journal of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development3(1):79-84.

    Roy, S. and Mondal, S. (2015). Women’s involvement in Organic (Vegetables) Farming System Activities (OFSA) in Samsung district of North-East Thailand. IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science20(7): 8-13.

    Singh, S. and Singh, B. S. (2012). Hydroponics – A technique for cultivation of vegetables and medicinal plants. In. Proceedings of 4th Global conference on ?Horticulture for Food, Nutrition and Livelihood Options?, 28-31 May 2012, Bhubaneshwar, Odisha, India. p.220.


    Stienen, J., Bruinsma, W. and Neuman, F. (2007), How ICT can make a difference in agricultural livelihoods, International Institute for Communication and Development (IICD), The Commonwealth Ministers Reference Book – 2007.

    Warschauer, M. (2004). Technology and Social Inclusion: Rethinking the Digital Divide. the MIT Press,Cambridge.


    Wolf, S. (2001). Determinants and impact of ICT use for African SMEs: Implications for rural South Africa. In Center for Development Research (ZEF Bonn). Trade and Industrial Policy Strategies (TIPS), Annual Forum at Misty Hills, Mulderdrift (10-12 Sept 2001).

    Zijp, W. (1994). Improving the transfer and use of agricultural information: A guide to information technology. The World Bank.