Medicine, Health & Food

Medicine, Health & Food

THE EFFECT LETHAL DOSAGE OF MORPHINE AND ARSINIC ON THE GROWTH OF LARVA CHRYSOMA.Sp RATE ON WHISTAR RAT IN MEDAN CITY

Pages: 14  ,  Volume: 43  ,  Issue: 1 , December   2019
Received: 17 Dec 2019  ,  Published: 17 December 2019
Views: 42  ,  Download: 18

Authors

# Author Name
1 Muhammad Fernando Manik

Abstract

THE EFFECT LETHAL DOSAGE OF MORPHINE AND ARSINIC ON THE GROWTH OF LARVA CHRYSOMA.Sp RATE ON WHISTAR RAT IN MEDAN CITY 

Muhammad Fernando Manik, Agustinus Sitepu, Amri Amir

Forensic and Medicolegal Spesialist Medical Education Program

Medical Faculty of Universitas Sumatera Utara

 

Background: Lately, we often encounter many unnatural deaths, including: murder, rape, drug overdose, poisoning, or suicide. And sometimes unnatural deaths are largely undetected and only corpses are found left behind began to rot with many fly larvae all over their bodies. In this case the development of the fly's life cycle, which starts by laying eggs, then develops into larval instar I, II, III, prepupaee, pupae and become flies can be react with carcasses of rats that have been given morphine and arsenic.

Method: Observational research used 9 male Whistar rats aged 3-4 months with a weight of 200-300 grams divided by 3 (mice given morphine with lethal doses, arsenic given lethal doses and mice dislocated by cervical vertebrae). Before that flies were catch, there were 100 Chrysoma flies and they were put into 1 cage which was covered with gauze. Observation of death and recorded. then a 1 cm thin incision is made in the right abdomen and then it is placed in a cage filled with Chrysoma flies. The first observation is made after the sample is placed and recorded D0. Observations that are considered are changes in sample, egg or larvae of fly that inhabiting the sample.

Result: The development of the fly's life cycle in the administration of morphine and arsenic is faster than control. Eggs were faster found in the control than morphine and arsenic administration. Instar larvae are 3 times longer in morphine compared with arsenic and control but the Instar larvae cycle is 3 times faster.   

Conclusion: Administered of morphine and arsenic is very influential on the development cycle of flies, growth in larval length is significantly higher. Administered of morphine and arsenic is very influential on the egg placement and the process of decaying rat carcasses longer.

Keywords: Time of Death, Larval Length

Keywords

  • Larvae Length
  • References

    Reference

    1. Dahlan S,(2007). Ilmu Kedokteran Forensik: Pedoman bagi dokter dan penegak hukum. Semarang: Badan Penerbit Universitas Diponegoro : 47–65
    2. Wells JD, (2001).Lamotte LR, Estimating the postmortem interval. In: forensic entomology : the utility of arthropods in legal investigations. New York : CRC Press, : 263–81
    3. Budiyanto A, Widiatmaka W, Sudiono S, Winardi T, Mun’im A, Sidhi, dkk.(1997) Ilmu Kedokteran Forensik. Jakarta :Bagian Kedokteran Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia : 25–36.
    4. Byrd JH, Castner, (2001) JL. Insects of forensic Importance. In: Forensic entomology : the utility arthropods in legal investigations. New York : CRC Press: 43–75.
    5. David BV, Ananthakrishnan TN,(2004) General and applied entomology, 2nded. New delhi : tataMcGraw – Hill, : 555–96
    6. Aflanie Iwan, Nirmalasari Nila, Arizal H Muhamad,(2017), Ilmu Kedokteran Forensik, Edisi Satu, PT Raja Grafindo Persada, Jakarta, hal 137–147
    7. Amir Amri.(2005)Rangkaian Ilmu Kedokteran Forensik. Bagian Ilmu Kedokteran Forensik Dan Medikolegal Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sumatera Utara. Ramadhan, Medan, hal 46–70, 226–229
    8. Supriastuti, Hoejodo.(1992,Januari) Peran larva lalat pada ayat dalam menunjang penentuan saat kematian. Majalah Parasitologi Indonesia.; 5(1):35 - 46
    9. Umar D, Algozi AM.(2004,Juni) Penentuan umur larva berdasarkan panjang larva lalat dalam memperkirakan saat kematian. Majalah Kedokteran Forensik Indonesia; 10(1);81 – 6
    10. Hall RD(2001).Introduction : Perceptions and Status of forensic entomology. In : Forensic Entomology : the utility of arthropods in legal investigation. New York : CRC press: 1–11
    11. Rusidi Anwar Rusidi.(2016). Gambaran Panjang Larva dan Genus Lalat Pada Bangkai Tikus Wistar Dengan Perbedaan Letak Geografis Di Bali. Skripsi
    12. SinagaSukri Sinaga.(2014). Keragaman Lalat Diptera Pada Bangkai Kelinci Di dalam Ruangan. Skripsi
    13. Mayasari Dian AA.(2008).
    14. Isfandiari Bayu Adelia. (2009). Perbedaan Genus Larva LalatTikus Wistar Mati Pada dataran Tinggi Dan Rendah Di Semarang. Skripsi
    15. JunithaKetut I, Watiniasih Luh Ni, Laksmita Saka Ayu.(2015). Identifikasi Larva Sarcophagidae (Genus Sarcophaga) Pada Bangkai Mencit (Musmusculus) Di Hutan Mangrove. Jurnal Biologi, Vol. 19, No. 2 Desember 2015.
    16. Andiarsa Dicky, Setia ningsih Ika, Fadilly Abdullah, Hidayat Syarif, Hairani Budi,(2015),Gambaran Bakteriologis Lalat dan Cullicidae di Lingkungan Balai Litbang P2B2 Tanah Bumbu, Vol 9, No 2, 37-44
    17. SidhartaBambang, AswinDjoko B, FaizalDicky(2011Agustus). Paparan Morfin Dosis Letal Pada Bangkai Tikus Terhadap Pertumbuhan Larva Sarcophaga Sp.Jurnal Kedokteran Brawijaya. Vol. 26, No. 4
    18. Omar Baharudin, Azil Hani Aishah, Abdullah, Marwi Abdullah Mohammed, Firdaus Ahmad,(2014). Pengaruh Suhu Terhadap Perkembangan Lalat Berkepentingan Forensik Chrysoma villeneuvi Patton ( Diptera : Calliphoridae ). Sainsmalaysiana, 43 (10) : 15372 – 1542.
    19. Hadi Kusumawati Upik, HidayatiRini, Ihsan Miftahul, (2016 Juli). Pengaruh suhu Udara Terhadap Fekunditas Dan Perkembangan Pra dewasa Lalat Rumah ( Musca Domestica ).Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan, Vol. 17, No. 2