Education

Education

Principals’ Transformational and Transactional Leadership Behavior and Teachers’ Motivation as Perceived by Teachers

Pages: 18  ,  Volume: 3  ,  Issue: 1 , April   2018
Received: 28 Apr 2018  ,  Published: 06 May 2018
Views: 106  ,  Download: 53

Authors

# Author Name
1 Eshetu Kibret Emiru

Abstract

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to identify the leadership behaviors teachers find motivating, focusing on transactional and transformational leadership behaviors. It also planned to investigate the contribution of the prevailing transformational and transactional principals’ leadership behaviors to teachers’ motivation. The research design used was the descriptive survey. The target population of the study was 685 full-cycle primary school teachers of Jabitehnan district of Ethiopia. Stratified sampling techniques were applied to select respondents.  Accordingly, 116 sample teachers were selected to fill questionnaires. From these, 106 teachers were properly filled and returned the questionnaires. The Principal Leadership Questionnaire of Leithwood & his colleagues, and   teacher motivation questionnaire, developed by McNeil (1987) based on Frederick Herzberg’s Motivation- Hygiene theory, was partly adapted and used to gather data from participants. The study revealed that teachers preferred more transformational principal’s leadership behaviors. The study also identified that principals’ transformational and transactional leadership behaviors had significant contribution to the variation (R²=0.285, F=14.98, P<0.05) in teachers’ motivation. The study recommended that principals should exhibit the appropriate leadership behavior that suit teacher motivation.

Keywords

  • Transformational
  • Transactional
  • leadership behavior
  • motivation
  • References

    Adelabu, M.A. (2005). Teachers Motivation and Incentives in Nigeria. Lagos, Nigeria.

    Alessandro, S. Castro, M., Ray, S.,and Vercline, C. (2004). Running Head: An Examination of
             Leadership Styles and Teacher Motivation. St. John’s University.      

    Avolio, B.J.,and Bass, B.M. (2002). Developing Potential Across a Full Range of
               Leadership.Cases on Transactional  and Transformational Leadership.
    USA ,Lawrence
              Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

    Barnett, K. and McCormick, J. (2003). “Vision, Relationships and Teacher Motivation: a case
            study”.
    Journal of Educational Administration, Vol. 41 No. 1, pp. 55-73.

    Bass, B.M. (1999). Two Decades of Research and Development in Transformational Leadership.
            
    Center for leadership Studies, State University of Nework, Binghamton, European  Journal
             of Work and Organizational Psychology.8(2), 932.

     Bass, B, M. (2000).The Future of Leadership in Learning Organizations. Journal of Leadership
               & Organizational Studies. Vol.7. No.3. Retrieved from ,  
              http://jlo.sagepub.com/content/7/3/18 on December 27, 2011.

     Bass, B.M and Riggio, R.E. (2006). Transformational Leadership. 2nd ed. Lawrence Erlbaum

         Associates, Inc. New Jersey. Retrieved on October 19, 2011 from 
           (http://www.amazon.com/Transformational-  Leadership-Bernard-B-      Bass/dp/0805847626/ref-pd-sim-b-2#reader-0805847626.

     Bolden,R., Gosling, J., Marturano, A and Dennison,p.(2003). A Review of Leadership Theory
           and Competency Frame Works.
    United Kingdom, University of Exeter, Center for
            leadership Studies.

     Davis, S., Darling-Hammond, L., Lapointe, M and Meyerson, D., (2005).  Review of Research
             School Leadership Study Developing Successful Principals.
    Stanford, Stanford Educational
             Leadership Institute (SELI).

     Eres, F.(2011). Relationship Between Teacher Motivation and Transformational Leadership
             Characteristics of School Principals.
    International Journal of Education.Vol.3, No.2,
             Ankara, Turkey, Macro think Institute.

     Eyal,O., & Roth, G.(2010). Principals’ Leadership and Teachers’ Motivation Self-determination
              Theory Analysis
    . Jerusalem, Hebrew University of Jerusalem.            

    Freeman, R.E. and Stoner, J.A .(1992). Management. 5th ed. Englewook Chiffs, Prentice Hall

    George, L., and Sabapathy, T.(2011). Work Motivation of Teachers: Relation with
               Organizational Commitment.
    Canadian Social Science. Vol. 7. NO. 1.

    Givens, R. J. (2008). Transformational Leadership: The Impact on organizational and Personal
          Outcomes.
    Emerging Leadership Journey. Vol.1.Iss.1. pp.4-24. School of Global Leadership
          and Entrepreneurship, Regent University.

    Goodnow, E.J., & Wayman, J.C. (2009). The Intersection between Transformational Leadership
           and Data Use in Schools.
    Paper presented at the convention of the University Council for
            Educational Administration, Anaheim, CA. The University of Texas at Austin

    Grossman, S.C. & Valiga, T.M.(2009).The New Leadership Challenge: Creating the Future
            Nursing.
    3rd.ed. USA, F.A.  Davis Company, Philadelphia.

    Hoy, W.K and Miskel, C.G (2008). Educational Administration. Theory, Research and Practice.
                8thed. USA, The McGraw-Hill Companies.

    Huber,S.G. (2010). School Leadership International Perspectives: Studies in Educational
             Leadership.
    Newyork, Springer Science + Busness Media B.v.

    Hughes, R.L, Ginnett, R.C and Curphy, G.J. (1999). Leadership: Enhancing the Lesson of
             Experience
    . 3rd. USA, The McGraw-Hill Companies.

    Ivancevich,J.M and Matteson,M.T.(2002). Organizational Behavior and Management. 6th.ed.
              New York, The McGraw-Hill companies,Inc.

    Kets de Vries, M. F. R. (2006).The Leader on the Couch: a clinical approach to changing people
             and organizations. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

    Leithwood, K. et.al. (1996). International Handbook of Educational Leadership and
            Administration.
    Netherland,  Kluwer Academic Publishers. Pp. 785-840.

    Leithwood, K.,(2004). Educational Leadership. A Review of the Research. The Laboratory for
            Students Success.
    Philadelphia, Temple University

    Leithwood,K., Day,C., Sammons,P., Hopkins,D., and Harris, A.(2006).Successful School
            Leadership. What It Is and How It Influences Pupil Learning
    . Nottingham, University of
              Nottingham

    Leithwood,K ., & Jantzi, D. (2005). “A Review of Transformational School Leadership Research
            1996–2005’’.
    Ontario, Taylor & Francis Inc. Leadership and Policy in Schools, Institute  for
            Studies in Education of the University of Toronto. Vol. 4 No. 3, pp. 177-99

    Leithwood, K., & Jantzi, D. (1997).Teachers’ Perceptions of Transformational Leadership:A
                Replication.
    Journal of Educational Administration, 35(4), 312–331.

     Leithwood, K., Louis, K. S., Anderson, S. and Wahlstrom K. (2004). Review of research:How
              Leadership Influences Student Learning.
    Retrieved from,
              http://www.learningfromleadership.umn.edu/ on December 27, 2011.

    Leithwood, K., Jantzi, D. and Steinbach, R. (1999).Changing Leadership for Changing
             Times,Changing Education Series.
    London, Open University Press.

    Leithwood,K.A.& Poplin, M.S. (1992). The Move Towards Transformational Leadership.
             
    Educational Leadership, Research Liberary.

    Leithwood, K., & Riehl, C. (2003).What Do We Already Know About Successful School
         Leadership?
      Paper prepared for the AERA Division A Task Force on Developing Research
         in Educational Leadership. Philadelphia, PA: Laboratory for Student Success, Temple
          University

    Manktelow,J .(2009).Essential Skills for an  Excellent Career.6th.ed. Mind Tools Limited.

    Mees, G.W. (2008).The Relationship among Principal Leadership, School Culture, Student
            Achievement in MissouriMiddle Schools.
    A Dissertation presented to the Faculty of the
           Graduate School at the University of Missouri-Columbia

    Ministry of Education.(2010). Education Sector Development Program IV (2010/2011-
          2014/2015).Program Action Plan. Addis Ababa, MOE.

    Ministry Of Education. (2007).Yetmihirtbet Meshashal Geji Memeria. Addis Ababa, MOE.

    Mullins, L.J. ( 2006). Essentials of Organization Behavior. England, Pearson Education Ltd.

    Mullins, L.J.(1989).Management and Organizational Behavior. London, Pitman Publishing.

    Mustafa, M.N and Othman, N. (2010). The Effect of Work Motivation on Teacher’s Work
             Performance in Pekanbaru Senior High Schools.
    Indonesia, Riau Province.

    Ownes, R.G (1998).Organizational Behavior in Education.6th ed. USA, Ally and Bacon, A     

    Stewart, J. (2006).Transformational Leadership: An Evolving Concept Examined through the
             Works of Burns, Bass,  Avolio, and Leithwood . Canadian Journal of Educational 
             Administration policy ,university of Winnipeg.

                                   Sungh, N. (2006). Human Resource Management. Galgotia Publications Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi.

     Taggart, J (1998).Motivation and Leadership: Ontario ,Alberta Agriculture, Food and Rural  
             Development  Publishing Branch.

    VSO (2008). How much a Good Teacher Worth? A report on the motivation and morale of
             teachers in Ethiopia.
    Addis Ababa, VSO Ethiopia.

    Webb, K. (2007). Motivating Peak Performance: Leadership Behaviors That Stimulate
           Employee Motivation and  Performance.
    USA, Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. Texas
          Women’s University.