Earth, Energy & Environment

Earth, Energy & Environment


Pages: 11  ,  Volume: 3  ,  Issue: 1 , April   2018
Received: 28 Apr 2018  ,  Published: 06 May 2018
Views: 294  ,  Download: 121


# Author Name
1 Uzoegbu, M. U




The investigation of the weathered basement around Bauchi metropolis has been carried out. The objectives of this study were to determine the erodibility of the soil, evaluate its chemical characteristics and heavy metals content of groundwater, its hydrogeochemical controls and suitability for drinking. A total of thirteen soil samples from different locations were used for geotechnical analysis. The geotechnical result indicated mean plasticity index of 17.20%, mean optimum 9.30cm3, moisture content of 7.67% at mean maximum dry density of 2.50g/cm3. A mean cohesion values of 0.25cm2/kg and a mean angle of internal friction value of 30.80o suggesting very erodible of the soil. Nine groundwater samples were collected from the Bauchi. Field measurements of physical parameters were preceded by chemical analyses of the samples for major ions concentrations and bacteriological content. The groundwater has pH ranging from 6.90 to 7.10 implying that the groundwater sources are alkaline. The mean values for chloride, sulphate and iron are 158.89mg/l, 95.78mg/l and 8.70mg/l respectively. While the mean value for hardness is 381.29mg/l. These parameters indicate presence of mineral suphate, corrosion and very hard water therefore should be treated before use. Generally, erosion control structures in the area should be made of materials that should resist staining, corrosion and incrustation.




Ali, S., Shemang, E.N. and Likkason, O.K. 1993. The basement structure in Barkumo Valley, Bauchi, Nigeria. A revelation from Seismic refraction and D.C resistivity studies. Journal of Mining and Geology, 29(2), 47-51.

Carter, J., Barber, W., Tait, E.A. and Jones, G.P. (1963), The geology of parts of Adamawa, Bauchi and Borno provinces in northeastern Nigeria. Geol. Sur. Nig, Bull., 30, 1-108.


Du Preeze, J.W. and Barber, W. (1965). The distribution of chemical quality of groundwater in Northern Nigeria. Geological Survey of Nigeria Bull. 36, 19-33, 94-97.


Hazell, J.R.T., Cratchley, C.R. and Preston, A.M., 1988. The location of aquifers in crystalline rocks and alluvium in Northern Nigeria using combined electromagnetic and resistivity techniques. Quarterly Journal of Geology, London, 211, 159-175.


Kiser, T. 1968. Chemical quality of water in Northern Nigeria. Geological Survey of Nigeria. Open file Report.


Oyawoye, M.O., 1970. The basement complex of Nigeria. In: A.J. Whiteman (ed.). African geology, University press, Ibadan, Nigeria, 91-97.