Biology and Life Sciences

Biology and Life Sciences

Ebola: The Endemic Disease

Pages: 8  ,  Volume: 28  ,  Issue: 1 , May   2019
Received: 19 May 2019  ,  Published: 13 June 2019
Views: 92  ,  Download: 0

Authors

# Author Name
1 Haleema Sadia
2 Qandeel Zahra
3 Abbas Khokhar
4 Ayesha Alam
5 Shahid Raza

Abstract

Ebola hemorrhage fever is an endemic, zoonotic and viral disease of family filoviridae. It was first observed in remote villages in Central Africa, near tropical rainforests. Later it occurred in the village near river named Ebola. In West Africa the outbreaks of 2014-2016 ruined major urban areas as well as rural ones. Natural host of the virus is fruit bats and the incubation period is 2-21 days. Symptoms starts fever, headache, sore throat and muscle pain, impaired kidney and liver function. But it can proof fatal if untreated. The outbreak control relies on the prevention and control practices. The early supportive care improves the survival. There is no treatment yet identified but some new drug therapies are promised to be evaluated to decrease the risk. A vaccine rVSV-ZEBOV proofed effective against this infection. Moreover, there is no Ebola virus patient in Pakistan but still it is at higher risk of outbreak. A preventive measure such as proper hygiene is needed to reduce the risk. The purpose of this research is to spread awareness and discus the emergence of destructive and dangerous infection all over the world and how should we protect our country from this burning issue.

Keywords

  • prevention
  • vaccine
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