Social Sciences & Psychology
Received: 02 Jan 2019 , Published: 11 January 2019
Views: 93 , Download: 0
|1||Puti Alam Intan|
Anxious about physical appearance for a woman is normal. But not infrequently the views and judgments that arise from other people or the social environment can make a woman more anxious about the shape or image of her body. Social media as a source of information is now also one of the spreaders of certain beauty standards. The purpose of this study is to see the influence of Instagram social media and social physique anxiety on the body image of women who use Instagram. Participants in this study were 155 women who were using Instagram with ages ranging from 17 to 40 years. The method used in this study is a quantitative method using a body image scale questionnaire, social physique anxiety scale (SPAS) and adaptation of sociocultural attitude towards appearance questionnaire-3 (SATAQ-3) in the form of a Likert scale. The results of the study show that social physique anxiety and social media influence the body image of women using Instagram social media.
American Association of University Women (1991). Shorthchanging girls, shortchanging America. Washington DC: Author
Arabaci, R. (2008). Relationship between social physique anxiety, walking activity, and body composition in university students. E-Journal of New World Sciences Academy Vol 3(3)
Aziz, J. (2017). Social media and body issues in young adults : An empirical study on the influence of Instagram use on body image and fatphobia in Catalan University student. Universitat Pompeu Fabra Barcelona
Bakhshi, S (2008), “Women’s Body Image and the Role of Culture: A Review of the Literature,” dalam Europe’s Journal of Psychology 2(7), hal. 374-394
Barber, N. (2013). Why women feel bad about their appearance. Psychology Today. https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/the-human-beast/201305/why-women-feel-bad-about-their-appearance
Bestiana, D .(2012). Citra tubuh dan konsep tubuh ideal mahasiswi fisip universitas airlangga Surabaya. Jurnal Universitas Airlangga.
Brewis, A. A. (2011). Obesity: Cultural and biocultural perspective. London Rutgers University Press
Cash, T. F. (2004). Body image: Past, present, and future. Body Image, 1(1), 1-5
Gay, J., Monsma, EV., Torres-McGehee, T. (2009). Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 80(3):656-662.
Hargreaves, D.A., & Tiggemann, M. (2004). Idealized media image and adolescent body image: “Comparing” boys and girls Body Image An International Journal of Research, Vol 1 (4)
Hart, E. A., Leary, M. R., & Rejeski, W. J. (1989). The measurement of social physique anxiety. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 11, 94-104
Liu, J. (2013). The relationship between body image dissatisfaction with social physique anxiety and exercise behaviors in the context of romantic relationship. Electronic Theses, Treaties, and Dissertations, 7474
Lowery, S. E., Kurpius, S. E. R., Befort, C., Blanks, E.H., Sollenberger, S., et. al. (2005). Body image, Self-esteem, and health related behaviors among male and female first year college student. Johns Hopkins University Press, Vol 46 (6)
Monsma, EV., Pfeiffer, KA., Malina, RM. (2008). Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 79(3): 417-422.
Sari, D.N.P . (2012). Hubungan antara body image dan self-esteem pada dewasa awal tuna daksa. Jurnal Psikologi Universitas Surabaya
Taheri, A., Mousavian, A. S., Ahmadizadeh, A. P. Z., Soleimani F. (2012). The relationship between social physique anxiety and anthropometric characteristics of the nonathletic female students. Annals of Biological Research, 3 (6):2727-2729
Thompson, J. K., Van Den Berg, P., Roehrig, M., Guarda, A.S., Heingerg, L.J. (2004). The sociocultural attitude towards appearance-3 (SATAQ-3) : Development and validation. International Journal of Eating Disorders (35), 293 -304
Thornton, B., & Maurice, J. (1997). Physique Contrast Effect: Adverse imoact of idelaized body images for woman. Sex Roles, Vol 37 (5)
Tiggemann, M. (2004). Body image across the adult life span: Stability and change. Body Image An International Journal of Research, Vol 1 (1)
Tiggemann, M. (2011). Sociocultural perspectives on human appearance and body image. In T.F. Cash & L. Smolak (Eds.), Body image: A handbook of science, practice, and prevention (2nd ed., chap. 2, pp. 12-19). New York, NY: The Guilford Press
Tiggemann, M., & Slater, A. (2013). NetGirls : The Internet, Facebook, and body image concern in adolescent girls. International Journal of Eating Disorders 46 (6), 630-3
Tiggemann, M., & Zaccardo, M. (2015). “Exercise to be fit, not skinny” : The effect of fitspiration imagery on women;s body image. Body Image (15), 61 -7
Wolf, N. (2004). Mitos Kecantikan: Kala Kecantikan Menindas Perempuan. Yogyakarta: Niagara