Computer Science & Electrical
Received: 05 Sep 2017 , Published: 10 October 2017
Views: 645 , Download: 125
This study investigated the factors affecting on milk production of the contract dairy cattle
farmers’ of Swiss Cheese Company Pvt. Ltd. in Nuwara-eliya district. A field survey was carried
out using 50 farmers in Queensberry, Bogahawatta, Maskeliya, Kellewatta and Rozella villages.
A pre-tested structured questionnaire was used.
The investigated farmers were virtually landless and farming is done in extremely small
) block of land, in most cases owned by commercial tea plantations. Herd size was
found to be 2.26±0.18 with low number of lactating cows (1.0±0.12). Although, almost all cattle
farmers practice stall feeding (96%), majority of them (68%) depend entirely on naturally grown
low quality, mix weeds. The roughage and concentrate offered were 47.8±4.35 and 1.1±0.09
kg/cow/d, respectively. Although, the temperate cross bred dairy cows managed were at their
parity, the milk production was found to be considerably low (6.7±0.78 L/cow and
9.2±1.14 L/herd). Age at first calving was 34±0.2 and the calving interval was 14±0.2 in
months. Cost benefit analysis showed that the B/C ratio (per herd) was 2.36±0.359, thus the
farmers gain profits from cattle keeping.
The regression analysis reviled that calving interval, percentage lactating cows, expenditure on
concentrate, AI, veterinary service and the amount of roughage offered are the factors that
significantly (P<0.05) affect on herd milk production. Farmers’ knowledge in cattle keeping was
found to be significantly low possibly due to low level of formal education.
According to perception of farmers’, lack of capital for improve housing facilities, unavailability
of forage source, low milk productivity of cattle and low farm-gate milk price were identified as
constraints in cattle farming in the studied area. Herd milk production from contract farmers
could be improved by introduction of better feeding (i.e. concentrate and roughage) strategies.
Key words: Cattle, Milk production, Feeding, Calving interval, Expenditure
 Bartlett, P.F. 1980. Cost benefit analysis. A test of alternative methodologies. Eds. P.F.
Bartlett. Agricultural decision making to Rural Development, academic Press, Rando San Diego,
 Dairy Production 342-450A. Milk Yield & Composition. February 2010, [Online] (Update
not found) Available at: http://www.animsci.agrenv.mcgill.ca/courses/450/topics/14.pdf [Accessed 2nd
 Department of Census and Statistics, Sri Lanka. 2005. Agriculture and Environment Statistics
Division, P O Box 563, Colombo, Sri Lanka. [Online] (Updated 22 July 2005)
Available at: http://www.statistics.gov.lk/agriculture/index.htm [Accessed 2nd Feb. 2010]
 Department of Agriculture in Sri Lanka 2010, Agro-climatic zones, Ministry of Agriculture,
Sri Lanka. [Online] (Updated on 18th August 2010) Available at:http://www.agridept.gov.lk/other_pages.php?heading=Central%20Province
 Ibrahim, M.N.M. 2000. First Edition, Dairy Cattle Production, National library of Sri Lanka,
Sri Lanka. ISBN-955-97074-0-X
 Ibrahim, M.N.M., Staal, S.J. Daniel, S.L.A. and Thorpe, W. 1999. Appraisal of the Sri Lanka
dairy sector, Synthesis Report and Main Report, Colombo, Sri Lanka.
 Maduwe A.J.S.N. 2002. Economics of Small Scale Dairy Farming in Sri Lanka: A Case
Study from Coconut Cattle Silvo pastoryl system. M.Sc. Thesis, Sri Lanka. [Online] [Updated
Available at: http://www.troz.uni-hohenheim.de/research/Thesis/MScAP (Accessed: 2
 Mahipala, M.B.P. and Gunaratne, L.H.P. 2003. Comparison of cattle farming systems in up-
country wet-zone: cattle management, social structure and involvement in cattle farming. Faculty
of Agriculture, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka.
 Ngongoni, N.T. Mapiye, C. Mwale, M. and Mupeta, B. 2006. Factors affecting milk
production in the smallholder dairy sector of Zimbabwe. Plan International Harare, Zimbabwe.
 Nyangito, H.Z. 1986, A socio-economic analysis of the factors that determine the effect of
potato post harvest practices and storage technologies on Kinangop, Kenya. A case study, MSc
Thesis, University of Nairobi, Kenya
 Pieter, W. Jan T. M. W& Tom J.G. 2006, 2
Edition, Dairy Science and Technology, CRC
Press, Taylor & Francis Group 6000 Broken Sound Parkway NW, Suite 300, Boca Raton, FL
 Ranaweera N.F.C. 2006, National Consultant, Colombo, Sri Lanka, FAO Cooperate
Document Repository, Opportunities for dairy sector growth, Smallholder dairy development -
Lessons learned in Asia, [Online][Updated 2006]
Available at: http://www.fao.org/docrep/011/i0588e/I0588E08.htm [Accessed feb, 2010]