Chemistry & Chemical Engineering
Received: 17 Sep 2018 , Published: 22 September 2018
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1. Purpose of the study: Basic purpose of the study is utilization of laboratory wastes generated from science laboratories of educational institutes for plant growth. Plants growth differs according to the climatic conditions, nature of plant, nature of soil, minerals and microbes present in soil. Some plants were grown in different combinations of soil sample with addition of solid and liquid waste obtained from chemistry and biology laboratories of educational institutes.
2. Methodology: Carrot (Daucus carota), Spinach (Spinacia oleracea) and Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) were grown with two sets each, moistened with tap water and chemical waste water. After few months again Aloe vera (A. barbadensisMill), Hedge (Berberis thunbergii), Periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus) and Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) were grown with different combinations of soil with chemical waste to see the difference in the plant growth which includes observations of soil pH, soil temperature, plant morphology, deformities observed with leaves, flowers and fruits, time took for flowering and many more physical property parameters after certain period of time.
3. Main Findings: Different plants exhibited different variation in their growth such as height, size of leaves and thickness of leaves. In case of Aloe vera the one which is grown in soil combined with liquid waste has shown measurable growth. In case of Hedge, the one which is grown in soil combined with liquid waste has shown the fastest growth in height.
4. Applications of this study: These experiments enabled us to understand the morphology of plants and rate of growth of plants in different soil combinations. We were able to analyse the specific requirements of the plant in terms of ions and minerals and the effect of climatic conditions on growth of plant.
5. Novelty/Originality of this study: In place of fertilizers, chemistry and biology laboratories wastes have been used which has reduced the pollution and the garbage collection created due to chemical waste in the campus.
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