Engineering & Technology

Engineering & Technology

Design and Construction of Horizontal Wind Turbine

Pages: 11  ,  Volume: 11  ,  Issue: 1 , August   2018
Received: 08 Sep 2018  ,  Published: 08 September 2018
Views: 121  ,  Download: 59


# Author Name
1 Odinikuku Ejenavi William


This research work is focused on the design and construction of a horizontal wind turbine. This present work is aimed at substantiating the generation of electricity from wind and proffering solution to drawbacks associated with non-renewable energy. The wind turbine is an electric generator moved by the action of the wind. In the first case, the blades represent the change from the wind energy to the mechanical energy. For the second case, the turn of a rotor inside of a generator represents the change from the mechanical energy to electrical energy. The designed and constructed horizontal wind turbine was used to drive a generator to produce electricity by applying the principle of faraday law of electromagnetic induction. The horizontal wind turbine consists of the following major parts; stanchion, yaw mechanism, hub, blade, nacelle, shaft, generator, tail boom, fasteners and Joiners. The results obtained shows that according to Betz’s Law, only 34% of all the mechanical energy developed by the wind will be converted to electrical energy for usage.  The speed of the turbine was obtained as 2182rpm, and rotor speed of the turbine as 228rad/s. The torque effect at the tip speed was obtained as 12.5N/m. It was determined that the maximum stress of the wind turbine blade was in tension (5.69KN/m2), and the minimum stress in compression (3.73KN/m2).


  • Stress
  • Horizontal wind turbine
  • design
  • torque
  • construction
  • electromagnetic induction
  • References

    Akinbami., J. 2001. Renewable Energy Resources and Technologies in Nigeria: Present Situation, Future Prospects and Policy Framework, Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 6, p.155 – 181

    Brady, T.F. 2009. A simulation of the integration of wind power into an electricity generating network, Department of Engineering Technology Westville USA, A paper present at proceedings of the 2009 winter simulation conference. p.1523 ­­­­– 1529

    Energy Commission of Nigeria (ECN) 2012. Renewable Energy Master Plan (Draft). Accessed on 12th August

    Global Energy Network Institute 2014. “Nigerian National Energy Grid”. Retrieved from: _energy_grid/nigeria/nigeriannational


    Mohamed, M. 2011. Design Optimization of Savonius and Wells Turbines, 1st Ed. Otto-von-Guericke-UniversitÄat Magdeburg p.12

    Okafor, E.N.C., and Uzuegbu, J. 2010. Challenges to Development of Renewable Energy for Electric Power Sector in Nigeria. International Journal of Academic Research, Vol. 2

    Orhorhoro , E.K.,  Orhorhoro, O.W., and Ikpe,  A.E. 2016A Study of Solar Energy Potential in Sapele, Nigeria, Int. J. of Thermal & Environmental Engineering Volume 13, No. 2, p.129-133

    Sambo, A.S. 2006.  Renewable Energy options for Sustainable development”, paper presented at the Renewable Electricity policy Conference held at Shehu Musa Yar’adua Centre, Abuja, p.11 – 12

    World Energy Council 2013. World Energy Resources. Regency House 1–4 Warwick Street, London W1B 5LT, 2013, Energy for  Sustainable Energy