Biology and Life Sciences

Biology and Life Sciences

Ecotourism development and impacts on rural communities: a study in Kalpitiya, Sri Lanka

Pages: 11  ,  Volume: 10  ,  Issue: 1 , August   2018
Received: 18 Aug 2018  ,  Published: 23 August 2018
Views: 68  ,  Download: 41


# Author Name
1 M.A.M. Irfeey
2 M.A.M. Althaf
3 A.L.M Rifky


Ecotourism has become a new trend of Sri Lanka. Though Sri Lanka has a higher ecotourism potential, its actual level has not been achieved. This study was conducted to analyze the ecotourism development and impacts on rural communities in Kalpitiya by using convenience sampling method with 150 target participants. According to the results of the study, 18% of the community currently involved in ecotourism. However, there is a positive attitude among 73% of the local community towards ecotourism, while 69% of the local community is willing to participate in the perception of receiving its benefits. Further, it was observed that there was a significant relation with education (χ2=10.44, P-Value = 0.034), income level (χ2= 15.691, P-Value = 0.003) influences and willingness to participate on ecotourism. Further, there was a significant potential for the satisfactory level of tourist during their visit. However, there were some impacts influence against the success of the ecotourism development in the area, and revenue share with the community (p = 0.0089), lifestyle changes with foreign culture (p = 0.0000) and discharge of waste (p = 0.0000). These findings have indicated that more benefits have been brought to the area due to the ongoing ecotourism development activities. However, the local community is not in a position to get the real benefits of the ecotourism development due to lack of proper education, knowledge, experience, capacity etc. Overall, it could be concluded that it is necessary to have a well-planned awareness program about the community involvement in the ongoing ecotourism development activities. Therefore, the authorities should concern more about the community awareness and capacity building programs in order to deliver the benefits of ecotourism development to the local community also to ensure the long-term sustainability of the industry.


  • Economic benefit
  • Ecotourism development
  • Ecotourism impact
  • Community participation
  • References

    Adem.G., 2008. “Assessment of Ecotourism Potentials for Sustainable Natural Resources Management in and Around Abijata-Shala Lakes National Park in the Central Ethiopian Rift Valley By Adem Gobena” Ecotourism. , pp.1–108.
    Andereck, 2000. “The Relationship between Residents ’ Attitudes toward Tourism and Tourism Development Options.” Travel research, 39(August), pp.1–10.
    Chiutsi, 2011. “The theory and practice of ecotourism in Southern Africa.”, Ecotourism in South African , 2(February), pp.14–21.
    Eagles, 2001. “Guidelines for Tourism in Parks and Protected Areas of East Asia IUCN” – The World Conservation Union, pp.1-20
    Jaafar, M. & Maideen, S.A., 2011. “Ecotourism-related products and activities , and the economic sustainability of small and medium island chalets”. Tourism Management, pp.1–9. Available at:
    Matthews, 2002. “Ecotourism Are current practices delivering desired outcomes” A comparative case study analysis. pp.1–110.
    Mensah, I. & Ernest, A., 2013. “Community Participation in Ecotourism.”, The Case of Bobiri Forest Reserve and Butterfly Sanctuary in Ashanti Region of Ghana. , 2, pp.34–42.
    Sharifzadeh, Gholamhosssein Abdollahzadeh, A., 2012. “Rural Residents ’ Perceptions Toward Tourism Development.”, A Study from Iran. , 136(July 2012), pp.126–136.
    Shukri, M. & Yajid, A., 2015. “Eco-Tourism Practices in Sri Lankan Eco Resorts.”, An Analysis of Satisfaction and Behavioral Intention of Eco-Tourists. , 6(10), pp.211–226.
    Welgamage, 2015. “Tourism Economics in Sri Lanka.” An Econometric Analysis. , 5(1), pp.90–101.