Engineering & Technology

Engineering & Technology

Economic Potential and Benefits of Sawdust in Nigeria

Pages: 8  ,  Volume: 9  ,  Issue: 1 , July   2018
Received: 02 Aug 2018  ,  Published: 07 August 2018
Views: 42  ,  Download: 35

Authors

# Author Name
1 U.P. Onochie
2 E.K. Orhorhoro
3 P.E. Oyiboruona

Abstract

At present, the main conventional source of energy used all over the world is the fossil fuels which are non-renewable and
hence their deposits will eventually be exhausted. Wood is one of the oldest fuel sources known to man. Research have
shown that about 80 million cubic metres, equivalent to 43.4 x 109 kg (or 43.4 million tonnes) of fuel wood with an
average daily consumption ranging from 0.5- 1.0 kg of dry fuel wood per person is being consumed in the country
annually for cooking and other domestic heating purposes. This study discusses the quantity of wood waste generated in
saw mills in Nigeria. The environmental implications of improper disposal of sawdust arising from sawmills are also
analyzed. Essentially, the economic potential of sawdust is discussed. It was revealed that saw dust waste left at the saw
mills causes aesthetic problems while abandonment along the road side causes air pollution as a result of wind which often
blows and suspends the wood dusts into the atmosphere.

Keywords

  • Energy
  • Saw dust
  • waste
  • References

    Akinola A.O., 2012. Design of a thermochemical reactor for conversion of selected wood biomass to fuel a stationary diesel engine. Unpublished PhD Thesis at the Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria
    Ako, J.S., and Kuye, E.D., 2010. Determination of Technical Efficiency and Production Function for small scale furniture industry in Lafia Metropolis, Nassarawa State Nigeria. J. ARIC Soc. Soc; 6, p. 64-66
    Aku, S., 2010. For over 15 years, prices of our products have remained the same. The Sun NewsOnline
    Arimoro F.O, Ikomi R.B., and OsalorE.C., 2007. The impact of sawmills wood wastes on the water Francesco V.E and L. Z Antonini Borgomi (2008) Wood Fuel Handbook. AIEL Italy, quality and fish communities of Benin River, Niger delta area, Nigeria, International Journal of Science and Technology. 2(1), p. 1–12
    Arowosege O.G.E., 2010. Lesser used wood species and their relevance to sustainability of tropical forest. In S.Kolade Adeyoju and S.O. Bada (ed) Readings in Sustainable Tropical Forest Management
    Badejo, S.O., 1990. Sawmill wood residue in Nigeria and their utilization, Proceedings of National on workshop on Forestry Management Strategies for Self Sufficiency in wood production, Ibadan 12th- 15th June, 1990
    Badejo S.O., 1995. Preliminary Study on the Utilisation of Nigeran Sawmill Sawdust for the Production of Water Proof Cement Bonded Ceiling Boards. FRIN Bulletin. p.58
    BP Statistical Review of World Energy,(mazamascience.com); 2003
    Eckholm E, Foley G, Barnard G,Timberlake L., 1984. Fuelwood, The Energy Crisis that wouldn’t go away. International Institute for Environment and Development, Earthscan, London
    Egbewole Z.T, Ogunsanwo O.Y and Omole A.O., 2011. Technical efficiency of lumber recovery from high forest tree species in selected saw mills of south western Nigeria, Journal of Agriculture, Food and Environment 7(1), p. 34-41
    FAO., 2001. Global forest resource assessment. FAO publication. FAO Rome
    Fuwape, J.A., 1998. Combustion characteristics of wood briquette produced from sawdust. National conference of Nigeria society of Agricultural Engineering, p 1-11