Arts Literature & Linguistics
Received: 03 Jul 2018 , Published: 06 July 2018
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|1||Muhammad Safiyyu Abdulkadir Ph.D.|
|2||Muhammad Mujtaba Abdulkadir (Ph.D. in view UDUS)|
Early scholars of Islamic and Arabic teaching and learning had often established fully educational activities, based on their time and ability. This was attributed to what they have rendered to their Ummah and how they secured the classical mode of Islamic/Arabic teaching, in spite all challenges. their effort assisted in planting the art of Islamic/Arabic scholarship in the whole Northern Nigeria prior to and after Shaykh Uthman bn Foduye’s Jihad, till today their endeavours is been witnessed through Zaure system of education by using traditional syllabus and equipment as was depict in the scenery and the mode of teaching and learning in Zaure classical activities. Till today the system is functioning and remains a legacy generation after generation.
1. As Hornby, Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary, 6th Edition, Oxford University Press, 2000.
2. Ibid. (see: lobby, noun pl.-les)
3. www.wordhippo.com(internet: 25/08/2015)
4. This is usually the term used by Hausa people in the Northern region since old decades
5. A.N. Rafindadi, The present state of Almajirci and its Socio- Economic Implications on Society,(a paper presentation)katsina State Economic Summit,16th March 2006.( no page number. first paragraph)
6. A.B. Fafunwa, History of Education in Nigeria. p.48.
7. Op.Cit.(no page number, first paragraph)
9. A.Abubakar, Al Thaqafah Al Arabiyyah Fi Nigeria, p.155-158.
10. This contained all kind of what is known as Zikr such as Qur’anic recitation (Takara) Awrad, Nawafil, etc.
11. S. Khalid ,karatun Allo: The Islamic System of Elementary Education in Hausa Land. A paper presentation in the department of sociology, Usmanu Danfodio Univ. Sokoto(internet,23/8/2015)paragraph 16.
12. U.S. Abbas, The role of Arabic and Islamic Manuscripts in the preservation of Islamic heritage and civilization in west Africa, UMYU Katsina(journal)2010,vol.3 No.1,p.48.
13. Oral Interview: current Chief Imam of Azare, Malam Ayyubu, at his house, Azare, on 22/1/2014,by 2:45 pm, and Mal. Usman Shehu Maisuga, at his home Bauchi, on 14/01/2014.11:46am
14 .Oral interview, Malam Ibrahim jalo, aged 75,a tradional scholar, at sabon layi, Darazo L.G.A, Bauchi state. On 10/10/2013,by 2:30pm.
15. Oral Interview, Malam Harisu bn Dauda, chief Imam of Jama’are, aged 54, on 26/09/2013 by 5:20 pm at his house in Jama’are L.G.A. Bauchi State.
16. Oral Interview, Shaykh Sa’id Hamid Bello, District head of Zungur, Bauchi L.G.A. on 12/9/2015.
17. J.H. Yola, Philosophy among the Sokoto Scholars, Benchmark publishers l.t.d. Kano 2004/1425, p.7.
18. An oral interview with Dr. Muhammad Safiyyu Abdulkadir, Bauchi (H.O.D. languages Fed. Univ. Kashere Gombe) on 08/09/2015.
19. A.M. Gada, A short History of early Islamic scholarship In Hausa land, Idrisiyya Printing Press, Kaduna, 2010, P.93
20. A. Abubakar, Althqafah Al-Arabiyya fi-Nigeria, p. 155-159.
21. S. Iguda K/Nasarawa, Tsarin Tsangayun Al-kur’ani, a arewacin Nijeria, tarihinsu da zamantakewarsu da hanyoyin rayuwarsu, Islamic Foundation Bookshop, K.mata Kano, 2006, p. 157-158.
22. A. M. Gada A Short History of Earlier Islamic Scholarship in Hausa Land, Idrissiya Printing Press, Kaduna, 2010, p. 68.
23. A. Ezzati, An Introduction to the History of the spread of Islam, Islamic Publications Bureau, Lagos, 1979, p. 228
24. Ibid, p. 95.
25. B. Qadamariy, Al-Daulah Al-Nigeria, Darul Ummah Kano, 2011/1432H, p. 37.
26. K. A. Adam Tudun Nufawa, Al-nathr Al-Arabiy AL-Nigeriy, Suwaruhu wa khasa’isuhu Abral Usur, Darul Ummah, Kano 1432/2011, pp. 121,122.
27. According to Dictionary, Syllabus is a list of the topics, books, etc, that students will study in a particular subject at school or college. That is why the research chooses to relate the system of Zaure to syllabus (Traditionally) because the series of some books are being taught, and also Zaure is a school/institution only that it was not modernized and formalized.
28. A.M. Gada, A short History of early Islamic Scholarship in Hausa land, Idrissiya printing press, kaduna, 2010. Pp 81-85