Medicine, Health & Food
Received: 03 Jul 2018 , Published: 06 July 2018
Views: 44 , Download: 31
The main objective of this research project is to assess the causes and effects of anaemia among pregnant women attending specialist hospital Yola, Adamawa State. A population of sample size of 100 women was selected at random from the population of the study without bias. The finding of this study revealed in the age group 15-30; 24% and 19% agrees and strongly agrees respectively that anemia is caused by iron or other nutrient deficient. In the age group 31-avove; 12% and 21% agrees and strongly agrees respectively that anemia is caused by iron or other nutrient deficient. The age group 15-30; 15% and 34% agrees and strongly agrees respectively that anemia can caused death of the offspring. In the age group 31-avove; 19% and 18% agrees and strongly agrees respectively that anemia can result to the death of the offspring. the age group 15-30; 15% and 25% agrees and strongly agrees respectively that anemia can caused death of the mothers during labour. The age group 31-above; 10% and 23% agrees and strongly agrees respectively that anemia can result to the death of the mother during labour. The age group 15-30; 28% and 13% agrees and strongly agrees respectively that anemia can lead to reduce body mass. In the age group 31-avove; 27% and 14% agrees and strongly agrees respectively that anemia can lead to reduce body mass. However the result of the Chi-square test shows that the p-value is greater than 0.05 in all the responses of the participant in relation to both their age and Education status, this implies there was no significant difference in all the responses. It is recommended that all pregnant women should ensure constant visitation of antennal as to continue getting knowledge on issues related to pregnancy.
Allen H.L.(2000) Anaemia and Iron Deficiency: Effects on Pregnancy Outcome. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 71(5), May.
Fleming, A. F. (1970) Seasonal incidence of anaemia in pregnancy in Ibadan. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 23: 224–230.
Harrison, K. A. (1982) Anaemia, malaria and sickle cell disease. Clin. Obstet. Gynaecol. 9: 445–447.
Harrison, K.A. (1982)Anaemia, Malaria and Sickle Cell Disease. Clinics in obstetrics and gynaecology; 9:445.
Hughes, A. (1991) Anaemia in pregnancy, Maternal health and Safe Motherhood (http://www.Unsystem.org/scn/archives/scnnews.ii/cho7.htm. Accessed17/1/2010
Lanerolle, P. and Atukorala, S. (2006) Nutrition education improves serum retinol concentration amongadolescent school girls. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr.;15(1): 43-9.
Mlean E, Conges M, Egli I, Wojdyla D, Debendit B. (2008). Worldwide prevalence of anemia: WHO vitamin and mineral nutrition information system:1993 -2005: Public Health Nutr.2008:12(14): 444- 54.
Nbuke RB, letsky EA (2000): Etiology of anemia in pregnancy in south Malawi.Am.J.Clini.Nutr; 72:247 – 256.
Stoltzfus RJ. (2003). Global prevalence and consequences. Food Nutrition Bulletin; 24(Suppl): S99-103.
Ursel, A. (2001): Natural care – Vitamins & Minerals Handbook. Dorling Kindersley, London, 2001. ISBN 80-89179-01-0
Viteri, F.E. (1994). The consequences of iron deficiency and anaemia in pregnancy. In: Nutrient Regulation During Pregnancy, Lactation and Infant Growth. L. Alien, J. King and B. Lonnerdal. Eds. Plenum Press, New York. 121-133. http:/www.unsystem.org/scn/archieves/scnn.news.ii/cho7.htm.Accessed 17/1/2010
WHO (1991). National strategies for overcoming micronutrient malnutrition. Document EB 89/27. Executive Board. 89th session.
WHO/UNICEF (2004). Focusing on Anaemia towards an integrated approach for effective Anaemia control-A Joint statement. Geneva: World Health Organization.
WHO/UNICEF/UNU (1992). Iron deficiency anaemia: assessment, prevention, and control. World Health Organization .The prevalence of anemia in women: A Tabulation of Availabl Information; second edition .Geneva: WHO. (WHO/MCH/MSM/92.2)
World Health Organization (2001). Iron Deficiency Anaemia Assessment, Prevention, and Control. A guide for programme managers,WHO/NHD/01.
World Health Organization (1992), author. The Prevalence of Anaemia in Women: A tabulation of available information. 2nd Ed. Geneva: WHO.
World Health Organization (2001). Iron Deficiency Anaemia Assessment, Prevention, and Control. A guide for programme managers 2001; WHO/NHD/01.
World Health Organization (2002). World Health Report. Reducing Risk, Promoting Healthy Life. Geneva.