Biology and Life Sciences

Biology and Life Sciences

Effect on the growth parameters of Napier hybrid (CO3) with application of different kind of organic fertilizers

Pages: 11  ,  Volume: 5  ,  Issue: 2 , May   2018
Received: 01 Jun 2018  ,  Published: 03 June 2018
Views: 145  ,  Download: 68


# Author Name
1 M. B. F. Jemziya
2 A. N. M. Mubarak


A field experiment was carried out to investigate the effects of application of cow dung, goat and poultry manure on the growth parameters of Napier hybrid in Chenkalady, Batticaloa. Treatments were laid out in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications. The variables measured were plant height, leaf length, leaf width and tillers number obtained. Data collected were subjected to Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). The means were separated using LSD at 5% level of significance. Results obtained indicated that growth performance of CO3 was lowest in control treatments while positive influence showed in the application of organic manure applied in this study especially poultry manure. The results also revealed that plots treated with poultry manure gave the highest number of tillers with longest and width leaves per grass. Comparatively, second highest growth performance was obtained with the application of goat manure and cow dung. While the least performance of CO3 were recorded in the control treatments. Based on the findings of the experiments it could be deduced that organic manure seems to promote higher growth and yield of CO3. Application of organic manure on Napier hybrid give maximum growth performances, and yield with sustainable and free polluted farming.


  • CO3
  • cowdung
  • poultry manure
  • goat manure
  • growth parameters
  • References

    [1] Premaratne S. and Premalal G.G.C. (2006). Hybrid napier (pennisetum perpureum x pennisetum americarnum) var. CO-3: a resourceful fodder grass for dairy development in Sri Lanka, The Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 2(1):22-33.

    [2] TNAU (Tamil Nadu Agricultural University). (2003).

    [3] Cameron A.G. (2013).  Pasture establishment, Agnote, E9. Northern territory government.

    [4] Thairu D.M. and Tesema S. (1985). Research on animal feed resources; Medium potential areas of Kenya. In: Animal feed resources foe small scale livestock producers. Proc. The second PANESA workshop, 11- 15 Nov. 1985, Nairobi, Kenya, 127 – 137.

    [5] Olatunji O. and Oboh V.U. (2012). Growth and yield of okra and tomato as affected by pig dung and other manures issue for economic consideration in Benue State. Nigerian Journal of Soil Science. 22:103-107.

    [6] Sanchez P.A. & Miller R.H. (1986). Organic matter and soil fertility management in acid soils of the tropics. Transactions of the XIII congress of International Soil Science Society, Vol. 5.

    [7] Agbede T.M. and Ojeniyi S.O. (2009). Tillage and poultry manure effects on soil fertility and sorghum yield in southwestern Nigeria. Soil and Tillage Research. 64:209.

    [8] Akanbi W.B and Togun A.O. (2002). The influence of maize-stover compost and nitrogen fertilizer on growth, yield and nutrient uptake of Amaranth. Scientia Horticulturae. 93:1-5.

    [9] Agbede O.O. and Kalu B.A. (1995). Constraints of small-scale farmers in increasing crop yield: farm size and fertilizer supply. Nigerian Journal of Soil Science. 11:139-159.

    [10] Aiyelaagbe I.O.O, Abiola I.O & Sadiku M.A. (2005). Growth response of juvenile passion fruit (Passiflora edulis f. flavicarpa) to organic and inorganic fertilizers in southwestern Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Horticultural Science 10:18-20.

    [11] Katung M.D. Hussibini I.M.A. and Olarewaju J.D.  (2005). Yield and storability of onion (Allium cepa) as influenced by organic and inorganic fertilizers in the Sudan Savannah Region of Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Horticultural science. 10:82-86.

    [12] Dantata I.J, Kapsiya J. & Ibrahim M.M. (2011). Growth and yield of tomato in response to application of different organic manures on an Alfisol. Proceedings of the 35th Annual Conference of the Soil Science Society of Nigeria at the Federal University of Technology, Minna, 101-108.

    [13] Ngeze P.B. (1998). Learn how to make use of compost manure in farming. Friend of the Book Foundation, Nairobi-Kenya, 45-46.

    [14] Giwa D.D. and Ojeniyi, S.O. (2004). Effect of integrated application of pig manure and NPK on soil nutrient content and yield of tomato. Proceedings of the 29th Annual Conference of the Soil Science Society of Nigeria at the University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, 164-169.

    [15] Ojeniyi S.O., Akanni D.I. and Awodun M.A. (2007). Effect of goat manure on some soil properties and growth yield and nutrient status of tomato. University of Khartoun. Journal of Agricultural Science 15:396-405.

    [16] Akanni D.I. and Ojeniyi S.O. (2008). Residual effect of goat and poultry manures on soil properties, nutrient content and yield of Amaranthus in southwestern Nigeria. Research Journal of Agronomy 2: 44-46.