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Poverty Alleviation: A Response to the Rural Woman's Diversification of Rural Activities in Bui division, Cameroon

Volume: 58  ,  Issue: 1 , August    Published Date: 23 August 2020
Publisher Name: IJRP
Views: 71  ,  Download: 16
DOI: 10.47119/IJRP100581820201369

Authors

# Author Name
1 Loveline Kongla Nsahlai
2 Moye Eric Kongnso
3 Anastasia Kininla Kongnyuy
4 Jean-Yves Ndjeussi Fotsa

Abstract

Cameroon is one of the Sub-Saharan African countries that was greatly affected by poverty after the liberalization of the agricultural sector; poverty became deeply rooted amongst the ‘rural masses’ (especially women and children) in Bui Division. However, in a bid to combat the poverty situation, rural women embarked on the diversification of rural activities. That is, a shift from subsistence to market oriented agriculture and non-farm income generating activities. The main objective of this paper is to identify and assess the indicators of poverty alleviation as a result of the rural woman’s diversification of rural activities in Bui Division. In order to attain this set objective, data was collected from secondary and primary sources. Using a random sampling technique for primary data collection, both qualitative and quantitative data was collected from rural women (35years and above) in 749 rural households by means of questionnaires; structured interviews; three focus group discussions; on-the-spot and participant observations. It was found that before the rural woman adopted the strategy of diversifying rural activities, 86% of children especially girl children were drop outs; 75% of housing infrastructure was poor; 80% of households were not able to have access to medical facilities; 91% families were undernourished and malnourished. Thanks to the diversification of rural activities, there is stimulation of economic growth via ‘spending power of families (98%); improved shelter (93%); improved rights, equity/fairness of household members (79%) ; breakdown of inter-generational poverty link (47%); households’ access to improved health/nutrition (99%); and children’s improved access to education (97%). Having noticed that poverty has been alleviated in Bui Division thanks to the rural woman’s diversification of rural activities, she should be considered as an indispensable actor in poverty alleviation: her diversified activities should be taken into consideration in poverty reduction strategy papers in a bid to easily combat poverty in rural milieus.

Keywords

  • Gender
  • Bui Division
  • Rural activities
  • Diverification
  • Rural Woman
  • Poverty Alleviation
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