Earth, Energy & Environment
Received: 13 May 2018 , Published: 19 May 2018
Views: 78 , Download: 47
|1||Egbe, A. E|
|2||Ebigwai, J. K|
|4||Akomaye, F. A|
|5||Afangideh, E. J|
The physicochemical Assessment of Selected Surface water in some Communities of Odukpani and Akamkpa L.G.A., Cross River State, Nigeria was carried out to evaluate the quality of the water which serves as major supply to people living in these areas. Water samples were collected from water bodies used frequently by the people living in these areas for analysis using various standard methods. The parameters determined include Colour, pH, Temperature, Conductivity, Turbidity, Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) and Dissolved Oxygen (DO), while calcium and potassium. The results obtained infer that all the parameters analyzed except for turbidity fell within WHO/FMENv permissible limit for potable water in all of the samples, and were accessed statistically. However, values recorded for turbidity showed slight increment above WHO limits of 5NTU. Although result of this study compares favourably well with the acceptable limit, there is need to establish sewage treatment plants in areas so that untreated sewage as well as agricultural activities common to these areas does not contaminate the water bodies. Hence, regular and quantified monitoring of geochemical characteristics of the surface water will be useful for sustainable water management.
Ashok, K. T., Bhatnagar, M. K., Prachi, B. & Neetesh, V. 2013. Physico-Chemical Assessment of Surface Water Quality With Respect to Seasonal Variation Around Amarkantak Thermal Power Plant, Chachai, Madhya Pradesh, India. Journal of Applied Chemistry, 7 (10): 28-33
Carpenter, S. R., Caraco, N. F., Correll, D. L., Howarth, R. W., Sharpley, A. N. 1998. Nonpoint pollution of surface waters with phosphorus and nitrogen. Ecological applications, 8: 559-568.
Eboatu, A.N. & Okonkwo, E. M. 1999. “Enviromental Pollution and Deg-radation”, Onis Excel, Zaria, Nigeria. Pp 79-115
Egereonu, U.U., Ukiwe, L.N., Oti, S. & Egereonu, J. C. 2012. "Investigation of Pollution Index of Surface and Groundwater of Ndibe River Catchment, Afikpo, Nigeria." Journal of Chemical Society of Nigeria, 37(2): 27-31
Fakayode, S.O. 2005. Impact of industrial effluents on water quality of the receiving Alaro River in Ibadan, Nigeria. Ajeam-Ragee, 10: 1-13.
Ikomi, R. B. & Enuh, C. T. 2000.“The Status of Physiochemical Hydrology of Upper Warri River, Nigeria”. Journal of Science Environment, 2: 75-80
Jain, C. K., Bandyopadhyay, A. & Bhadra, A. 2010. Assessment of ground water quality for drinking purpose, District Nainital, Uttarakhand, India. Environmental monitoring and assessment, 166: 663-676.
Kazi, T. G., Arain, M.B., Jamali, M. K., Jalbani, N. & Afridi, H. I. 2009. Assessment of water quality of polluted lake using multivariate statistical techniques: A case study. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 72: 301-309.
Kumar, A., Bisht, B. S, Talwar, A. & Chandel, D. 2010. Physico-chemical and microbial analysis of ground water from different regions of Doon valley. International Journal of Applied Environmental Sciences, 5: 433-440.
Kumar, R., Ashish, C. & Laxmi, R. 2017. Physico-chemical Analysis of Surface and Ground Water in Selected Sites of Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India. Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology, 7 (1):
Okieimen, F. E., Duru, E. C. & Olorunfemi, D. I. 2012. “Comparative Evalu-ation of Physicochemical and Microbiological Characteristics of Ballast water samples from three Oceanic vessels”. Journal of Chemical Society of Nigeria, 37(2): 87-92
Okoye, C.O.B. & Nyiakagha, T. D. 2009.”Physiochemical Quality of Shallow Well waters in Gboko, Benue State, Nigeria. Bulletin of Chemical Society of Ethiopia, 23 (1): 123-128.
Ratna, R. A. 2007. Physico-Chemical Evaluation of water bodies and impact of hardness in block phunda, Bhopal India. Journal of Environmental Resources Development, 1 (3): 272-275.
Tripathi, D. K. Pandey, G. & Jain, C. K. 2015. Physicochemical Analysis of Selected Springs water samples of Dehradun city, Uttarakhand, India. International Journal for Innovative Research in Science and Technology, 2: 99-103.
Vijith, H. S. R. 2007. Geographical Information System based assessment of spatiotemporal characteristics of groundwater quality of upland sub-watersheds of Meenachil River, parts of Western Ghats, Kottayam District, Kerala, India. Environmental Geology, 53: 1-9.
World Health Organization (WHO) 1994, “International Standards for Drinking Water”, World Health Organization publication.