Computer Science & Electrical
Publisher Name: IJRP
Views: 964 , Download: 297
|1||Asim Abubabakr Elmansour|
Physico-chemical characteristics of groundwater are measured in situ in water samples from
existing wells and water samples were collected for subsequent chemical analysis. Generally the
water in En Nuhud Basin is characterized by low mineralization with respect to the WHO and
Sudanese regulation limits for drinking water; anomalous values were observed at Abu Dagal in
the western part which interpreted as related to high clay content within the saturated zones.
The concentrations of the different chemical constituents usually decrease inwards in a manner
indicates recharge potentials from the boundaries and from surface drainage within the basin
area. The dominant types of water quality in the study area are: [Ca (Mg) Hco3], [Ca (Mg) Cl(No3,
So4)] and [Na HCO3] type. In view of the quality tolerances for industrial process, some water
samples not suit many of these processes; due to relatively high alkalinity, EC and acidity (low
PH). On the other hand groundwater of En Nuhud Basin is quite satisfactory for irrigation use;
limit exceptional case concerns Gabreddar- Abu Dagal Area; where high to very high salinity
1. Driscoll, F. G., (1987). Groundwater and Wells, Johnson Division, St. Paul, Second Printing, Minnesota,
2. Edmond J. M. (1942). The Distribution of the Kordofan Sands "Anglo-Egyptian Sudan". Geol.
Magazine, 79 (1), pp 18-30.
3. Ginaya, M. A., (2001). Hydrogeological Investigation of En Nuhud Basin, West Kordofan State, Sudan.
MSc Thesis, Department of Geology and Mining, College of Natural Resources and Environmental
Studies, Juba University, Sudan.
4. Ginaya, M. A., (2011). Updating of Groundwater Conditions of Ennahud Basin, North Kordofan,
Sudan. PhD Thesis, Institute for Energy & Earth Sciences, Ministry of Sciences & Technology, Sudan.
5. Goel, P.K .,(1997). Water pollution Causes, Effects and Control. New Age International Publishers.
6. Grabham G. W. (1935). Water Supplies in the Sudan. The British Museum, London, Britain.
7. Harms, U., Schandelmeier, H. and Darbyshire, D. P (1990). Pan-African Reworked Early/Middle
Proterozoic Crust in NE Africa West of the Nile: Sr and Nd Isotope Evidance. Journal of the Geological
Society, London, Britain, Vol. 147, PP 859-872.
8. Karkanis, B.G. (1966). Hydrochemical Facies of Grounwater in the Western Provinces of Sudan. MSc.
Thesis, Graduate College, University of Arisona.
9. Mohan R,, Singh A.K., Tripathi J.K. and Choudhary G.C. (2000). Hydrochemistry and quality
assessment of groundwater in Naini industrial area, Allahabad District, Uttar Pradesh. J Geol Soc
India 55: 77–89
10. Nagaraju, A., Suresh, S., Killham, K. and Hudson-edward K., 2006. Hydrogeochemistry of Waters of
Mangampeta Barite Mining Area, Cuddapah Basin, Andhra Pradesh, India, Turk J
11. Rodis, H.G., Hassan, A. & Wahadan, L., (1964). Grounwater Geology of Kordofan Province, Pulletin
No. 14. Minstry of Mineral Resources, Geologica Survey Department, Khartoum, Sudan.
12. Strojexport (1972). Groundwater Research, SW part of Kordofan, Second Stage, Final Report, Praque.
13. Strojexport (1976). Geophysical Investigations of Groundwater Structures, Western Part of Kordofan
Province an Eastern Part of Darfur Province, Fourth Stage. Strojexport Foreign Trade Corporation for
Export and Import, Praque, Czechoslovakia.
14. Umar, A., Umar, R. and Ahmad, M. S., (2001). Hydrogeological and Hydrochemical Framework of
Regional Aquifer System in Kali-Ganga Sub-basin, India. Environmental Geology 40 (4-5) February
15. US Salinity Laboratory Staff (USSL) (1954). Diagnosis and improvement of salinity and alkaline soils.
USDA Handbook no 60.
16. Vail, J.R., (1978). Outline of the geology and Mineral Resources of the Democratic Republic of the
Sudan and Adjacent Areas. Overseas Geology & Minerel Resources No. 49.
17. Whiteman, A.G., (1971). The Geology of the Sudan Rpublic. Clarendon Press, Oxford, England.
18. WHO (2003). Acrylamide in Drinking Water, Background Document for Preparation of WHO
Guidelines for Drinking-Water Quality. Geneva, World Health Organization
19. WHO 2011. Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality. Fourth Edition. Publications of the World Health
Organization. Geneva 27, Switzerland