Biology and Life Sciences

Biology and Life Sciences

Impact of moisture stress at flowering stage on the growth and yield of selected groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) cultivars

Pages: 7  ,  Volume: 4  ,  Issue: 1 , May   2018
Received: 13 May 2018  ,  Published: 19 May 2018
Views: 72  ,  Download: 43


# Author Name
1 Sukanya M
2 Mahendran S


Groundnut (Arachis hypogea L) production fluctuates considerably as a result of rainfall variability. Unpredictable time and the extent of water deficit occurs every year and causes a reduction in yield and quality. Under these conditions, the use of cultivars tolerant to drought and producing high yield should be advantageous. This experiment was carried out in Agronomy farm of Eastern University, Sri Lanka during the ‘Yala’ season 2017. This study was made to determine the impact of moisture stress on the growth and yield on selected groundnut cultivars. Three groundnut cultivars viz; ‘Lanka jumbo’, ‘Tissa’ and ‘Indi’ were used for this study. Continuous ten days of water stress was imposed on the groundnut plants during the flowering stage and the effects were evaluated. This experiment was laid out in the Randomized Complete block design with six treatments and four replications and the treatments were arranged in 3× 2 Factorial manner. There were significant (p<0.05) differences between the treatments in the tested parameters. The highest chlorophyll a (1.0), b (0.8) was detected in ‘Indi’ groundnut cultivar and the lowest chlorophyll a (0.5), b (0.4) was detected in ‘Tissa’. The highest leaf area index (0.6) was detected in ‘Indi’ cultivar and the lowest (0.3) was detected in ‘Tissa’. The highest yield (0.8 t ha-1) was observed in ‘Indi’ and the lowest (0.33 t ha-1) was found in ‘Tissa’. Hence, considering the measured growth and yield attributes, ‘Indi’ groundnut cultivar could resist drought better than the rest of the cultivars. As such, this cultivar could be suggested for cultivation in the drought-prone areas of the Batticaloa district.


  • Yield
  • Chlorophyll contents
  • Groundnut
  • Leaf Area Index
  • Moisture Stress
  • Yield
  • References

    Abdalla, M. M., El-Khoshiban, N. H., 2007. The influence of water stress on growth, relative water content, photosynthetic pigments, some metabolic and hormonal contents of two Triticium aestivum cultivars, Journal of Applied Scientific Research 3, p.2062–2074.

    Abou Kheira, A. A., 2009. Macromanagement of deficit irrigated peanut with sprinkler irrigation. Agri Water Manage. 96, p. 1409-1420.

    Arjenaki, F. G., Jabbari, R., Morshedi, A., 2012: Evaluation of drought stress on relative water content, chlorophyll content and mineral elements of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) varieties, International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences 4, p.726–729.

    Arunyanark, A., Jogloy, S., Akkasaeng, C., Vorasoot, N., Kesmala, T., Rao, R. C. N., Wright, G. C., Patanothai, A., 2008. Chlorophyll stability is an indicator of drought tolerance in peanut, Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science 194, p.113–125.

    AzevedoNeto, A. D., Nogueira, R. J. M. C., MeloFilho, P. A., Santos, R., 2010. Physiological and biochemical responses of peanut genotypes to water deficit, J Plant Interact 5, p.1-10.

    Boontang, S., Girdthai, T., Jogloy, S., Akkasaeng, C., Vorasoot, N., Patanothai, A.,  Tantissuwichwong, N., 2010. Responses of Released cultivars of peanut to terminal drought for traits related to drought tolerance, Asian Journal of Plant Science 9, p.423–431.

    Choi, W. Y., Kang, S. Y., Park, H. K., Kim, S. S., Lee, K. S., Shin, H. T. and Chai, S. Y., 2000. Effects of water stress by PEG on growth and physiological traits in rice seedlings, Korean Journal of Crop Science 45(2), p. 112-117.

    Garg, B. K., Kathju, S., Burman, U., 2001. Influence of water stress on water relations, photosynthetic parameters and nitrogen metabolism of moth bean genotypes, Biologia Plantarum 44(2), p.289-292.

    John, K., Reddy, P. R., Reddy, P. H., Sudhakar, P., Reddy, N. P. E., 2011. Genetic variability for morphological, physiological, yield and yield traits in F2 populations of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L), Int J Appl Biol Pharm Technol 2, p.470-481.

    Kawakami, J., Iwama, K., Jitsuyama, Y., 2006. Soil water stress and the growth and yield of potato plants grown from micro tubers and conventional seed tubers, Field Crops Research 95, p.89-96.

    Mensah, J. K., Obadoni, B. O., Eroutour, P. G., Onome-Irieguna, F., 2006: Simulated flooding and drought effects on germination, growth and yield parameters of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.), African Journal of Biotechnology 5, p.1249–1253.

    Ngo Nkot, L., Krasova-Wadem T., Etoa, F. X., Sylla, S. N., Nwaga. D., 2008. Genetic diversity of rhizobia nodulating Arachis hypogaea L. in diverse land use systems of humid forest zone in Cameroon. Applied soil ecology. 40, p.411-416

    Prabawo, A., Prastawo, B., Wright, G. C., 1990. Growth, yield and soil water extraction of irrigated and dryland peanuts in South Sulawesi. Indonesia, Irrig. Sci 11 (1), p.63–68.

    Prasad, P. V. V., Staggenborg, S. A., Ristic, Z., 2008. Impacts of drought and/or heat stress on physiological, developmental, growth, and yield processes of crop plants, In “Response of crops to limited water: Understanding and modeling water stress effects on plant growth processes. Advances in Agricultural Systems Modeling Series 1” Ahuja, L. H., Saseendran, S. A., Editor0. ASA-CSSA Madison, WI, USA.

    Ratnakumar, P., Vadez, V., 2011. Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) genotypes tolerant to intermittent drought maintain a high harvest index and have small leaf canopy under stress, Funct Plant Biol 38, p.1016–1023.

    Rucker, K. S., Kvien, C. K., Holbrook, C. C., Hook, J. E., 1995. Identification of peanut genotypes with improved drought avoidance traits, Peanut Science 24, p.14-18.

    Sharada, P., Naik, G. R., 2011. Physiological and biochemical responses of groundnut genotypes to drought stress, World Journal of Science and Technology 1, p.60–66.

    Shinde, B. M., Limaye, A. S., Deore, G. B., Laware, S. L., 2010. Physiological responses of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) varieties to drought stress, Asian J Exp Biol Sci p.65-68.

    Suther, D. M., Patel, M. S., 1992. Yield and nutrient absorption by groundnut and iron availability in soil as influenced by lime and soil water, J. Indian Soc. Soil Sci 40(3), p.594–596.

    Vaghasia, P. M., Jadav, K. V., Jivani, L. L., Kachhadiya, V. H., 2010. Impact of water stress at different growth phases of summer groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) on growth and yield, Research on Crops 11(3), p.693-696.

    Vijayalakshmi, T., Varalaxmi, Y., Jainender, S., Yadav, S. K., Vanaja, M., 2012 .Physiological and biochemical basis of water-deficit stress tolerance in pearl millet hybrid and parents, American Journal of Plant Science 3, p.1730-1740.